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Somasundaram Pillai and anr. Vs. Chokkalingam Pillai - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1917)ILR40Mad780
AppellantSomasundaram Pillai and anr.
RespondentChokkalingam Pillai
Cases ReferredBalasubramania Chetty v. Swarnammal I.L.R.
Excerpt:
civil procedure code (act v of 1908), sections 144 and 11, expl. iv, and 47, order 11, rule 2 - restitution, applications for--execution applications--successive applications--res judicata--rule of constructive res judicata, applicability of--previous application for principal--subsequent application for interest, whether barred. - .....to make any departure in the procedure by which restitution is to be obtained. under the old code, restitution was by way of execution: see prag narain v. kamakhia singh i.l.r. (1909) all. 551 the same rule applies to similar applications under the new code. the language of section 47 of the code would cover all cases of restitution. the party seeking the aid of the court is agitating a question relating to the execution of the decree under which the other party deprived him of his property.4. we entirely agree with the decision in balasubramania chetty v. swarnammal i.l.r. (1915) mad. 199 that order ii, rule 2 of the present code of civil procedure does not govern restitution applications. the present application is really for damages for the appellant having been deprived of the.....
Judgment:

Seshagiri Ayyar, J.

1. We are unable to agree with the Subordinate Judge that the application is barred as res judicata. The previous application was for the restitution of a sum of money recovered in execution in consequence of the decree having been reversed on appeal. The present application is for interest on the money for the period during which the counter-petitioner had the use of it.

2. We do not think that the principle of constructive res judicata, whether Section 11, explanation IV, or Order II, Rule 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure, is invoked in its aid, should be applied to execution proceedings as a matter of course. As we said recently in Sundaram Chetti v. Varadayyar Appeal Against Appellate Order No. 57 of 1916 unless the decision of the question subsequently sought to be agitated, was either expressly given or must be deemed to have been necessarily implied in the previous decision, the principle of res judkata should not be applied to execution proceedings: see Lakshminarayana v. Pallamraju (1916) 4 M.L.W. 101.

3. Mr. Muthiah Mudaliyar contended that an application for restitution is not in execution. He pointed to the change of language between Section 583 of the previous Code of Civil Procedure and Section 144 of the present Code. We are unable to see the difference. Section 144 of the present Code has been so framed as to enable the successful party in the Appellate Court to be placed in statu quo ante. The language of Section 583 of the old Code was not wide enough to cover all cases of benefits arising from the reversal of a. decree being fully realized by the successful party. Apart from this change, we see no ground for holding that the legislature intended to make any departure in the procedure by which restitution is to be obtained. Under the old Code, restitution was by way of execution: see Prag Narain v. Kamakhia Singh I.L.R. (1909) All. 551 The same rule applies to similar applications under the new Code. The language of Section 47 of the Code would cover all cases of restitution. The party seeking the aid of the Court is agitating a question relating to the execution of the decree under which the other party deprived him of his property.

4. We entirely agree with the decision in Balasubramania Chetty v. Swarnammal I.L.R. (1915) Mad. 199 that Order II, Rule 2 of the present Code of Civil Procedure does not govern restitution applications. The present application is really for damages for the appellant having been deprived of the use of his money during a particular period. We must, therefore, reverse the order of the Subordinate Judge. We think the appellant is only entitled to 6 per cent interest on Rs. 1,881-1-3 from the 8th of September, 1911 to the 28th of October, 1914. Parties will pay and receive proportionate costs in this and in the Court below.


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