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In Re: S. Ramiah and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCr. Revn. Nos. 665 and 666 of 1949 and Cr. Revn. Petn. Nos. 611 and 612 of 1949
Judge
Reported inAIR1951Mad773; (1951)IMLJ191
ActsIndian Penal Code (IPC) - Sections 21 and 186
AppellantIn Re: S. Ramiah and ors.
Advocates:K. Bhimasankaram, Adv.;The Public Prosecutor
DispositionRevisions dismissed
Excerpt:
- - servant like an amin or aprocess-server or a clerk still he is an officerappointed or specially authorised by a ct......a preliminary decree has been passed is not a public servant within the meaning of section 21, penal code. what happened here is that after the passing of a preliminarydecree for partition, the district munsif appointed a comr., under order 26, c. p. c., to go to the spot, identify the properties, divide them, demarcate the boundaries & report to the gt. while the comr. with the assistance of people whom he had taken was measuring the lands, the petnrs. objected to it & used force by dragging the chain by which the landa were being measured. petnrs. 1 to 6 obstructed on the first day & at their instigation petnrs. 6 to 10 did it on the next day. for tbis act they were charge-sheeted under section 186, penal code, & found guilty by both the lower cts. 2. the argument of mr......
Judgment:
ORDER

Govinda Menon, J.

1. Two points have been argued by Mr. Bhimasankaram for the petnrs. & the first of them is that the Comr, appointed by the Ct. to divide the properties by metes & bounds in a partition suit where a preliminary decree has been passed is not a public servant within the meaning of Section 21, Penal Code. What happened here is that after the passing of a preliminarydecree for partition, the District Munsif appointed a Comr., under Order 26, C. P. C., to go to the spot, identify the properties, divide them, demarcate the boundaries & report to the Gt. While the Comr. with the assistance of people whom he had taken was measuring the lands, the petnrs. objected to it & used force by dragging the chain by which the landa were being measured. Petnrs. 1 to 6 obstructed on the first day & at their instigation petnrs. 6 to 10 did it on the next day. For tbis act they were charge-sheeted under Section 186, Penal Code, & found guilty by both the lower Cts.

2. The argument of Mr. Bhimasankaram onbehalf of the petnr. is that since the Comr. isnot a public servant any obstruction to thework done by him cannot be termed an offencecoming within the ambit of Section 186, Penal Code.The answer to this depends upon the interpretation of Clause (4) of Section 21, Penal Code, & this contemplates that any person specially authorisedby a Ct. of justice to perform any of the dutiessuch as investigate or report on any matter oflaw & fact is a public servant within the meaning of the term. Though the Comr. here is nota permanent Govt. servant like an amin or aprocess-server or a clerk still he is an officerappointed or specially authorised by a Ct. ofjustice to investigate & report on a question offact. I have no hesitation in coming to theconclusion that a Comr. appointed by a Ct. todivide the properties by metes & bounds as aresult of a preliminary decree for partition ia apublic servant within the meaning of the term under Section 21, Penal Code.

2a. The next argument of the learned counsel is that the Comr. had no justification, after the protests of the petnra., to enter upon the lands & measure it. The proper course which the Comr. fought to have taken was to have reported to the Ct. to the effect that there was obstruction to his proceeding with the work. Not having done so & the Comr. proceeding to measure the lands in spite of the protests by the petnra who claimed the lands to be theirs the action of the petnrs. in preventing such work cannot be said to be an offence. I am afraid this argument proceeds upon the assumption that it is open to a party to obstruct a public servant in the discharge of his duties if the public servant is told by the party that he should not act as such. The proper procedure for the petnrs. would have been to apply to the Ct. stating that the Comr. was trespassing upon the lands which are not the subject-matter of the suit. This they have not done. Even otherwise on the finding by the trial Ct. that the petnrs. insisted in the property being leased to each of them their action in preventing the Comr. amounts to an offence under Section 186, Penal Code.

3. Since both the points argued by the learned counsel are unacceptable to me, the order ofthe lower Ct. is confirmed. These revns. are, accordingly dismissed.


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