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Akula Achiah-defendast Vs. Challapalli Lakshminarasim Ham - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtChennai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in53Ind.Cas.926
AppellantAkula Achiah-defendast
RespondentChallapalli Lakshminarasim Ham
Cases ReferredRamasami v. Kurisu
Excerpt:
provincial small cause courts act (ix of 1887), section 17 - decree, ex parte, application to set aside--deposit of decretal amount, when to be made. - - wadilal (3) the ruling of this court has not been accepted as good law......in section 17 of act ix of 1887 is directory or mandatory. parker and wilkinson, jj., held in ramasami v. kurisu 13 m.p 178. that it was not mandatory, mr. justice miller in suryanaray na v. ramanna 6 ind. cas. 400; 34 m.p 88; 7 m. l. t. 308; (1910) m. w.n. 279. did not dissent from this view. so this decision of parker and wilkinson, jj., has stood unchallenged in this court for nearly thirty years, and we feel no doubt that the practice regarding the receipt of the deposit amount in the mofussil courts has been in consonance with that. ruling. we would, therefore, have followed the ruling without assigning reasons, had it not been, for the fact that mr. justice ay ling in the admission court and mr. justice krishnan in the final court sitting as a single judge have questioned the.....
Judgment:

1. In this case an ex parte decree was passed on the 27th July 1917. The defendant, alleging that he did not become aware of the decree till the 26th August 1917 and that the summons was not served on him personally, applied to set aside the ex parte decree. This was on the 29th August 1917. It is conceded that along with the petition, the amount of the decree was not deposited. It is said that it was deposited before the application was beard. We express no opinion as to whether this deposit after the time allowed for the application is valid Or not. The only question before us is whether the provision in Section 17 of Act IX of 1887 is directory or mandatory. Parker and Wilkinson, JJ., held in Ramasami v. Kurisu 13 M.P 178. that it was not mandatory, Mr. Justice Miller in Suryanaray na v. Ramanna 6 Ind. Cas. 400; 34 M.P 88; 7 M. L. T. 308; (1910) M. W.N. 279. did not dissent from this view. So this decision of Parker and Wilkinson, JJ., has stood unchallenged in this Court for nearly thirty years, and we feel no doubt that the practice regarding the receipt of the deposit amount in the Mofussil Courts has been in consonance with that. Ruling. We would, therefore, have followed the ruling without assigning reasons, had it not been, for the fact that Mr. Justice Ay ling in the admission Court and Mr. Justice Krishnan in the final Court sitting as a single Judge have questioned the correctness of Ramasami v. Kurisu (1). If we may say so, the language of Section 17 of the Mofussil Small Cause Courts Act does not seem to lend itself to the interpretation placed on it in Ramasami V. Kurisu (1). In Jogir Ahir v. Bishen Dayal Singh 18 C.P 83, Jagannnath v. Chet Ram (2) and Somabhai v. Wadilal (3) the ruling of this Court has not been accepted as good law. But the interpretation is not without precedent. In regard to oases under the Pensions Act, which by Sections 4 to 6 require a certificate of the Collector before the plaint is filed, it has been held that the production of the certificate before judgment would cure the, defect. The same view was taken of the requirements of Sections 92 and 98 of the Code of Civil Procedure relating to the sanction of the Advocate-General or the Collector. Reference may also be made to suits for which the production of a succession certificate is necessary. These classes of cases supply an analogy for the liberal interpretation placed on the Section in Ramasami v. Kurisu (1). Further, the policy of the Legislature in demanding payment is to enable the successful decree holder to take out immediate execution. The relief in a small cause suit being expected to be a Speedy and a summary one, the Legislature demands that the successful plaintiff should not be, put off for a further period by not making the decree amount available to him for immediate execution. Therefore, although if the case had come before us for the first time, We would have taken the view which the plain language of Section 17 suggests, having regard to the fact that the derision now questioned has been law in this Presidency for nearly 30 years, that there is nothing opposed to justice in the interpretation placed on the Section by two learned Judges of this Court and that there are analogies which may justify the view taken in Ramasami v. Kurisu (1), we think it un; necessary to refer the matter for the consideration of a Full Bench.

2. We must reverse the order of the lower Court and remit the application for disposal in the light of the above observations. Costs will abide.


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