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Deputy Commissioner (Ct), Coimbatore Division, Coimbatore Vs. G. Ramaswamy and Co. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectSales Tax
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberT.C. No. 1473 of 1977 (Revision No. 331 of 1977)
Judge
Reported in[1984]57STC13(Mad)
ActsTamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act, 1959 - Sections 16
AppellantDeputy Commissioner (Ct), Coimbatore Division, Coimbatore
RespondentG. Ramaswamy and Co.
Appellant AdvocateK.S. Bakthavatsalam, Additional Government Pleader
Respondent AdvocateP.R. Ranganathan, Adv.
Cases ReferredState of Tamil Nadu v. Chamundeswari Enterprises
Excerpt:
- - the assessee filed an appeal before the appellate assistant commissioner but without success. state of tamil nadu [1975] 35 stc 50, wherein this court has clearly held that to claim the benefit of the tax on the ground that sales effected by the assessees are second sales, the assessees need not show that their sellers have in fact paid the tax, and that it is enough if the seller shows that there has been an earlier taxable sale in this case. we are, therefore, clearly of the view that the expression 'motor vehicles including motor cars, motor taxi-cabs, motor cycles and cycle combinations, etc......a second-hand car cannot be regarded as a car sold in brand new condition, and that the second-hand cars will be a different commercial commodity from new cars. however, we find that the case was decided against the assessee on the basis that there is no proof of an earlier taxable sale in the state, and therefore, the decision of the tribunal in favour of the assessee holding that his sale is a second sale and as such not taxable was not legally tenable. having allowed the tax case filed by the state on the ground that the assessee has not established that his sale is a second sale, the further observations made by the bench in that case appear to be purely obiter. in this view, we are not constrained to follow the view expressed by the said bench in that case. 4. item 3 of the.....
Judgment:

Ramanujam, J.

1. The assessee in this case is a dealer in textiles. In the year 1969-70, he has sold one motor car for a sum of Rs. 49,500. The said turnover was brought in for assessment by the assessing authority as an escaped turnover under section 16 of the Tamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act, 1959. Before the assessing authority, the contention of the assessee was that motor car has been purchased in the State of Tamil Nadu on 25th July, 1968, from Messrs Krishna Mines, Tirunelveli, and therefore, the sale by him is a second sale which is exempted under the provisions of the Act. The assessing authority, however, rejected the assessee's contention and brought the said turnover to assessment. The assessee filed an appeal before the Appellate Assistant Commissioner but without success. The assessee thereafter took the matter to the Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal. Before the Appellate Tribunal, the same contention was reiterated by the assessee. The Tribunal, after verification of the facts, found that the assessee had purchased the motor car from Krishna Mines, Tirunelveli, that, therefore, his sale during the year of assessment is a second sale, that the assessee cannot be held liable to pay the tax on the said turnover. That in relation to the car sold, the sale by Krishna Mines is the first sale, and that Krishna Mines are liable to pay the tax as the first sellers of the motor car in the State. In this view, the Tribunal set aside the assessment on the turnover of Rs. 49,500 representing the sale value of the motor car sold by the assessee.

2. Aggrieved against the order of the Tribunal, the State has filed this revision petition. The contention advanced by the learned Government Pleader on behalf of the State is that the assessee who claims the benefit of exemption on the basis that his sale is a second sale, must show that their sellers have in fact paid the tax. According to the learned Government Pleader, the assessee who claims the benefit of exemption must not only show that there has been an earlier taxable, sale, but also show that the earlier seller had paid the tax on the first sale. The same contention has been urged before the Tribunal, and the Tribunal had no difficulty in rejecting that contention in view of the decision of this Court in Govindan & Co. v. State of Tamil Nadu [1975] 35 STC 50, wherein this Court has clearly held that to claim the benefit of the tax on the ground that sales effected by the assessees are second sales, the assessees need not show that their sellers have in fact paid the tax, and that it is enough if the seller shows that there has been an earlier taxable sale in this case. Subsequent to the decision of the Tribunal, which is the subject-matter of revision before us, another Bench of this Court in State of Tamil Nadu v. Chamundeswari Enterprises [1983] 52 STC 124, to which one of us was also a party, has reiterated the same principle as has been laid down in Govindan & Co. v. State of Tamil Nadu [1975] 35 STC 50. Having regard to the two decisions referred to above, it is not for the assessee who is admittedly a second seller of the motor car to show that the first sale has in fact been taxed and the tax paid, and the onus on the subsequent seller is limited to establish that there was in fact an earlier sale in this State, and that his sale is only a second sale. Therefore, the decision of the Tribunal on this point has to be upheld.

3. The learned Government Pleader, however, relies on the judgment of another Bench rendered in (T.C. No. 1319 of 1977) State of Tamil Nadu v. Sri Velan Stores [1984] 57 STC 11 in support of his submission that the second sale of a motor car cannot have the benefit of a single point scheme of taxation, and the benefit of the single point scheme is applicable only to the sale of new motor cars. It is not doubt true that that case also related to the sale of a second-hand car. The Court made an observation that a second-hand car cannot be regarded as a car sold in brand new condition, and that the second-hand cars will be a different commercial commodity from new cars. However, we find that the case was decided against the assessee on the basis that there is no proof of an earlier taxable sale in the State, and therefore, the decision of the Tribunal in favour of the assessee holding that his sale is a second sale and as such not taxable was not legally tenable. Having allowed the tax case filed by the State on the ground that the assessee has not established that his sale is a second sale, the further observations made by the Bench in that case appear to be purely obiter. In this view, we are not constrained to follow the view expressed by the said Bench in that case.

4. Item 3 of the First Schedule to the Act 'motor vehicles including motor cars, motor taxi-cabs, etc.' are taxable only at a single point at the point of first sale in the State. Item 3 does not make a distinction between new motor cars and second-hand motor cars. In a series of sales of motor cars in this State, the first sale either of a new car or of a second-hand car, is alone taxable. All the subsequent sales in the State are exempted. If item 3 is understood as relating only to new motor cars, the very purpose of bringing in item 3 in the First Schedule will be lost. When the statute does not use the words 'new motor car', and uses the words 'motor car', we must understand that expression as covering both the new motor cars and the old motor cars. When the language used in item 3 is expressed and specific, so as to apply to all motor cars, we do not see how the Court can alter the statutory language so as to sustain the difference between the new cars and the second-hand cars. We are, therefore, clearly of the view that the expression 'motor vehicles including motor cars, motor taxi-cabs, motor cycles and cycle combinations, etc.' occurring in item 3 of the First Schedule will embrace both the new and second-hand vehicles. As a matter of fact, in State of Tamil Nadu v. Chamundeswari Enterprises [1983] 52 STC 124 which deals with the sale of second-hand lorry that item has been taken to be covered by item 3 of the First Schedule.

5. There are no merits in the tax case, and it is, therefore, dismissed. There will be no order as to costs.


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