1. These are petitions under Section 12(B) of the Madras General Sales-tax Act to revise the orders of the Appellate Tribunal.
2. The respondents were dealers in motor cars and their accessories. On the turnover of the sales of those goods, they were liable to pay sales tax at the standard rote of Re. 0-0-3 in the rupee, prescribed by Section 3d) (b) of the Act in addition they wore liable to pay tax at the rate of Re. 0-0-6 in the rupee under Section 3(2) (iv) of the Act. The assessing authorities included in the taxable turnover of each of these dealers amounts collected by them by way of tax under Section 8-B of the Act and assessed that part of their total turnover also at the rate of Re. 0-0-9 in the rupee.
In Dy. Commr. of Commercial Taxes, Coim-bator Divn. v. Krishnaswami Mudaliar and Sons (A) this Court held that the
turnover made up of amounts collected by way of tax by a registered dealer could not be assessed at all to any tax under the Act Subsequent to that the Madras Legislature enacted Act XVII of 1954 to validate the levy of tax on amounts collected by a dealer by way of tax. The validity of that Act has been upheld by us in Sundarajan and Co. Ltd v. State of Madras, 1956-7 STC 105: ((S) AIR 1956 Mad 298). (B) and that has been reiterated by us in TRC Nos. 46 etc. of 1955 (C) in which we have just delivered judgment.
3. The only question that remains for determination in these cases is whether the Tribunal was right in the view it took that amounts collected by way of tax and deemed to be part of the turnover of a dealer under Section 2 of Act XVII of 1954 were liable to be assessed only under Section 3(1) (b) of the Sales-tax Act and that it would not be subject to the additional tax authorised by Section 3(2) (iv) of the Act.
4. The tax authorised by Section 3(1) of the Act is on the total turnover of a dealer; see Section 3(1) (b). The additional tax authorised by Section 3(2) of the Act is among others on the first saie of the goods mentioned in Section 3(2) (iv); and Section 3(2) directed that the additional levy shall be in addition to the tax, to which the dealer seller is liable under sub-Section (1) of his total turnover for the year. Section 2 of Act XVII of 1954 runs:
"In the case of sales made by a dealer before the 1st April 1954, amounts collected by him by way of tax under the Madras General Sales-tax Act. 1939. ... shall be deemed to have formed part of his turnover."
"Turnover" had been defined by Section 2(1) of the Act, "Turnover" means the aggregate amount for which goods are either bought by or sold by a dealer ... for ... valuable consideration. The expression "sale" has been defined in Section 2(h) of the Act. It is with reference to these provisions, that we have to answer the question at issue, whether the amounts collected by way of tax by a dealer on the sale of goods that fell within the scope of Section 3(2) (iv) of the Act are liable to pay the additional tax under Section 3(2) (iv) of the Act.
5. The Tribunal recorded "tax collected by the dealer becomes part of his total turnover by reason of the Validation Act, and it follows that it will be subject only to the three pies rate under Section 3(1) (b)". That the amounts collected by the dealer by way of tax became part of his turnover under Section 2 of Act XVII of 1954 does not admit of any controversy at this stage. That it was part of the total turnover within the meanig of Section 3(1) (a) should also be beyond dispute. It should follow that on that turnover also the dealer is liable to pay the tax prescribed by Section 3 (1) (b). But the question still remains, is the dealer also liable to pay the additional tax prescribed by Section 3(2) (iv).
6. As we pointed out, what Section 3(2) (iv) authorises is the levy of the additional tax of Re-0-0-6 on the sale of any of the goods mentioned therein. What did the amounts collected by the dealer by way of tax under the authority of a 8-B of the Act represent? In 1956-7 STC 106: ((S) AIR 1956 Mad 298) (B) we pointed out that the amounts collected by way of tax under the authority of Section 8-B of the Act were paid by the purchaser on the occasion of the sale by the dealer. We also pointed out "vis-a-vis the dealer it is in reality part of the price the purchaser has to pay the seller for purchasing the goods.
'What was sold by the dealer was goods which fell within the scope of Section 3 (2) (iv) of the Act. What the purchaser, paid on the occasion of that sale was the price for the goods the "valuable consideration" for the sale within the meaning of "sale" and "turnover" defined by the Act. No doubt the bill showed the price charged by the dealer and the amount collected by way of tax separately. But both the amounts were paid by the purchaser for effecting the sale in his favour and so both constituted the price he had to pay.
It was the total that represented the consideration for the sale and as such the total of each of these sales constituted the turnover. Suppose the dealer had shown as separate items in his bill (i) his cost price, (ii) his profit and (iii) the tax which as a dealer he had to pay under the Act, all of them together would still constitute the consideration for the sale, which the purchaser had to pay, and it is that total that would merge in the total turnover within the meaning of Section 3(1) of the Act. The fallacy in the reasoning of the Tribunal, as we see it, was to interpret the expression "total turnover" in Section 3(1) (a) divorced from the definition of "sale" and "turnover" in Section 2 of the Act, They also overlooked the fact, that though the Act called the extra amount the purchaser paid as an amount collected by way of tax under the authority of Section 8-B. it was in reality part of the purchase price that the purchaser paid.
That was the basis on which we upheld the validity of Act XVII of 1954. The concept of a consolidated purchase price, the consideration for the sale, necessarily involves correlation to the goods sold, and if the goods sold are liable to the additional tax, then it is the entire purchase pries that should furnish the basis for the computation of the tax lawfully leviable. For the purpose of taxing the two items, the price of the goods and the amount collected by way of tax, cannot be split up. Turnover includes the amounts collected by the dealer, the amounts paid by the purchaser on the occasion of the sale. They constituted consideration for the sale.
There was no separate consideration passing from the dealer for the amounts collected by way of tax on the occasion of the sale. The goods sold still constituted consideration for that sale. As we stated, this was the fundamental feature of the turnover which specifically became taxable under Section 2 of Act XVII of 1954, and this feature, in our opinion, appears to have been overlooked by the Tribunal. It should, however, be noticed that our decision in 1956-7 STC 105 :((S) AIR 1956 Mad 298) (B) was long subsequent) to the decisions rendered by the Tribunal.
7. We differ from the Tribunal, and we hold that the items in question which were excluded by the Tribunal from the scope of the additional levy under Section 3(2) (iv) of the Act, are subject to the additional levy. The petitions are allowed. There will, however be no order as to costs.