1. The question here is, whether the Court should interfere in revision to set aside a degree passed in accordance with an award on the ground that the arbitration was vitiated by a material irregularity in that one of the arbitrators used knowledge obtained privately in coming to his decision as an arbitrator. Ghulam Khan v. Muhammad Hassan 29 C. It 7 is authority for saying that in the case of an award revision would be more objectionable than an appeal. It is, therefore, the rule that the Court proceeds very warily in allowing revision in awards. Two cases were referred to by the Vakil for the petitioner, one Kanhaiya Lal v. Khairati Lal 49 Ind. Cas. 303 where an arbitrator made private enquiries from a person or persons unknown, behind the back of one of the parties--the plaintiff in the suit. It is there laid down that an arbitrator must come to his decision on evidence taken before both parties or after having given both parties an opportunity of being present at the enquiry and that the making of private enquiries vitiated the award. The other case is Daya Kishen v. Dharam Das 4 A.L.J. 159 where the arbitrator made private and secret enquiries, the result of which was not recorded by him. It was held that it was legal misconduct to make private enquiries and make his award on information which he had privately obtained and which the parties had not got opportunities of checking.
2. In this case the evidence is that one of the panchayatdars used to have dealings with the defendant. He went to his shop and noticed a difference in the accounts of defendant with the plaintiff from the accounts before the panchayat. The panchayatdar (Annusami Chetty) communicated his knowledge to the other panchayatdars, both parties were present and the panchayat agreed with the opinion which he placed before them. The defendant actually admitted that some of the entries against plaintiff were false and fraudulent as suspected by Annusawmi Chetty. Farther, the other panchayatdars examined the accounts for themselves and there is no reason for thinking that they did not form an independent judgment thereon.
3. The information of Annusawmi Chetty may have been, in the first instance, privately obtained, but it was communicated to the other panchayatdars in the presence of the parties and they had opportunity of checking the information or of contradicting it. So, far from this, the defendant actually admitted the information was correct. This case clearly does not fall within the principles laid down in the authorities cited and the civil revision petition must be dismissed with costs.