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The State of Tamil Nadu Vs. O.A. Abdul Samak Sahib Sons. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectSales Tax
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberTax Case No. 364 of 1983 (Revision No. 135)
Judge
Reported in[1984]57STC68(Mad)
ActsTamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act, 1959 - Sections 12(4) and 12(5)
AppellantThe State of Tamil Nadu
RespondentO.A. Abdul Samak Sahib Sons.
Respondent AdvocateK.S. Bakthavatsalam, Additional Government Pleader
Excerpt:
- - in this case, the assessee submitted a return, but the assessing authority found the return to be incorrect and incomplete and proceeded to make a best judgment assessment after ignoring the turnover as disclosed in the books. section 12(4) enables the assessing authority to assess a dealer on the basis of his accounts if such dealer (i) has failed to submit the prescribed return; or (ii) has failed to submit the prescribed return within the prescribed time; admittedly, in this case, the assessing authority not only rejected the return filed by the assessee as incorrect and incomplete but also rejected the accounts of the assessee and proceeded to make a best judgment assessment. admittedly, the best judgment assessment is not on the basis of the book entries......admittedly, in this case, the assessing authority not only rejected the return filed by the assessee as incorrect and incomplete but also rejected the accounts of the assessee and proceeded to make a best judgment assessment. admittedly, the best judgment assessment is not on the basis of the book entries. therefore, the assessment cannot be said to have been made under sub-section (4) of section 12. the penalty under section 12(5) can be levied only if the assessment is made under sub-section (4) of section 12, that is, when the assessment is made on the basis of the entries found in the books of account of the assessee, and not when the assessment is made de hors the accounts and after rejecting the same. thus, the tribunal in this case appears to be right in holding that the.....
Judgment:

Ramanujam, J.

1. The question that arises in this tax case is as to whether the penalty under section 12(5) of the Tamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act, 1959, could be levied on the basis that the assessment is under section 12(4) of the Act. In this case, the assessee submitted a return, but the assessing authority found the return to be incorrect and incomplete and proceeded to make a best judgment assessment after ignoring the turnover as disclosed in the books. The question is whether the assessment in this case could be said to have been made under section 12(4) in which case alone the penalty under section 12(5) could be levied. Section 12(4) enables the assessing authority to assess a dealer on the basis of his accounts if such dealer (i) has failed to submit the prescribed return; or (ii) has failed to submit the prescribed return within the prescribed time; or (iii) if the return submitted is found to be incomplete or incorrect. Admittedly, in this case, the assessing authority not only rejected the return filed by the assessee as incorrect and incomplete but also rejected the accounts of the assessee and proceeded to make a best judgment assessment. Admittedly, the best judgment assessment is not on the basis of the book entries. Therefore, the assessment cannot be said to have been made under sub-section (4) of section 12. The penalty under section 12(5) can be levied only if the assessment is made under sub-section (4) of section 12, that is, when the assessment is made on the basis of the entries found in the books of account of the assessee, and not when the assessment is made de hors the accounts and after rejecting the same. Thus, the Tribunal in this case appears to be right in holding that the penalty under section 12(5) cannot be justified on the facts of the case. The tax case is, therefore, dismissed.


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