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In Re: L. Palaniappa Chettiar - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Revn. Petn. Nos. 17 and 18 of 1952
Judge
Reported inAIR1952Mad799; (1952)IIMLJ3
ActsCourt-fees Act, 1870 - Sections 7; Madras Court-fee (Amendment) Act, 1922
AppellantIn Re: L. Palaniappa Chettiar
Advocates:S. Jagadisa Iyer, Adv.
DispositionPetitions dismissed
Cases ReferredVellayya v. Ramaswami
Excerpt:
- - ramaswami',ilr (1940) mad 73; when the plaintiff seeks to establish a title in himself and cannot establish that title without removing an insuperable obstruction such as a decree to which he has been a party or a deed to which he has been a party then quite clearly he m'ust get that decree or deed cancelled or declared void 'in toto' and his suit is in substance a suit for the cancellation of the decree or deed even though it be framed as a suit for declaration......thesettlement evidenced by ex. a 1. it is obviousthat he has not now asked for setting asidethe entire document but has chosen to applyfor cancellation only of a portion of thedocument, that is in respect of clauses 3 and 4alone. the learned judge has rightly heldthat the plaintiff must pay court fee undersection 7-iv-a in respect of the relief claimed. it isnot open to the plaintiff to apply for settingaside a portion of the document so long as thedocument evidencing the settlement is out-jstanding and he will not be entitled to havethe accounts reopened. as observed by wadsworth j. in -- 'vellayya v. ramaswami', ilr (1940) mad 73; 'when the plaintiff seeks to establish a title in himself and cannot establish that title without removing an insuperable obstruction such as a decree to.....
Judgment:
ORDER

Krishnaswami Nayudu, J.

1. These are revision petitions against, the order of the Subordinate Judge of Deva-kottai directing the petitioner to pay Court fee under Section 7-IV-A in respect of relief in the amended prayer. The amendment is in respect of cancellation of a portion of Ex. A 1 and it was contended before the learned Judge that it is not capable of valuation and Section 7-IV-A is not applicable and no court-fee is payable. In A. S. No. 858 of 1948 at his instance the suit was remanded to enable the petitioner to apply for amendment of the plaint for setting aside the settlement evidenced by Ex. A. 1 and it wasobserved by the learned Judges in A. S. No. 658 of 1948 that what the plaintiff wanted was

'a sifting and fresh enquiry into the accounts reopening the entire settlement of accounts on the ground that the agreement Ex. A 1 was initiated by duress, fraud, misrepresentation etc.'

and the plaintiff was therefore given leave toapply for amendment paying of course theadditional court fee due for setting aside thesettlement evidenced by Ex. A 1. It is obviousthat he has not now asked for setting asidethe entire document but has chosen to applyfor cancellation only of a portion of thedocument, that is in respect of clauses 3 and 4alone. The learned Judge has rightly heldthat the plaintiff must pay Court fee underSection 7-IV-A in respect of the relief claimed. It isnot open to the plaintiff to apply for settingaside a portion of the document so long as thedocument evidencing the settlement is out-jstanding and he will not be entitled to havethe accounts reopened. As observed by Wadsworth J. in -- 'Vellayya v. Ramaswami', ILR (1940) Mad 73;

'when the plaintiff seeks to establish a title in himself and cannot establish that title without removing an insuperable obstruction such as a decree to which he has been a party or a deed to which he has been a party then quite clearly he m'ust get that decree or deed cancelled or declared void 'in toto' and his suit is In substance a suit for the cancellation of the decree or deed even though it be framed as a suit for declaration.'

It is not therefore open to the plaintiff to ask the Court to look into the accounts unless he gets out of the agreement to which he was a party. It is therefore incumbent on him to have the entire document set aside. He is liable to pay Court fee under Section 7-IV-A for setting aside the document. I see no error in the exercise of the jurisdiction by the learned Subordinate Judge.

2. The petitions are dismissed.


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