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In Re: Kanniya Rao - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported inAIR1945Mad145
AppellantIn Re: Kanniya Rao
Excerpt:
- .....city police act.2. there are passages in this short judgment in which exception can be taken. the learned magistrates did so word their order as give cause for an argument that they considered that the onus of proving himself innocent lay upon the accused; for they say 'the accused has not put in any defence witness and so we believe the prosecution.' beading the judgment as a whole, however, i do not think that the learned presidency magistrates lost sight of the fact that the burden is always upon the prosecution to prove their case. the learned magistrates have also referred to a previous conviction of the accused for keeping a bucket shop. there seems to be no evidence of that; but i do not consider that this is very material; for the previous trial of the petitioner was a relevant.....
Judgment:
ORDER

Horwill, J.

1. The case against the petitioner was that he assaulted the complainant because the complainant had informed against him. The accused was charged Under Section 75, City Police Act, and was found guilty by a Bench, of Presidency Magistrates and sentenced to a month's rigorous imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 25 with one week's imprisonment in default. He was also bound over Under Section 106, Criminal P.C. The finding of fact that the accused assaulted P.W. 1 cannot be canvassed here in revision. It is however contended that a person cannot be convicted Under Section 75, City Police Act, unless he has been found to be both drunk and disorderly and that as there is no evidence in this case and no finding, that the accused was drunk his conviction was illegal. Section 75, however, does not say that only persons who are drunk and are found guilty of riotous or disorderly or indecent behavior can be convicted. If that had been the meaning of Section 75, it would have been worded 'whoever being found drunk and incapable of taking care of himself is guilty of my riotous, disorderly or indecent behavior..' It therefore appears that being drunk and incapable of taking care of oneself is an offence in itself and that being found guilty of riotous or disorderly or indecent behavior in any public place or in any place of public amusement,. is another and distinct offence. The petitioner was therefore on the facts accepted guilty Under Section 75, City Police Act.

2. There are passages in this short judgment in which exception can be taken. The learned Magistrates did so word their order as give cause for an argument that they considered that the onus of proving himself innocent lay upon the accused; for they say 'the accused has not put in any defence witness and so we believe the prosecution.' Beading the judgment as a whole, however, I do not think that the learned Presidency Magistrates lost sight of the fact that the burden is always upon the prosecution to prove their case. The learned Magistrates have also referred to a previous conviction of the accused for keeping a bucket shop. There seems to be no Evidence of that; but I do not consider that this is very material; for the previous trial of the petitioner was a relevant fact, in that it explained why he entertained animosity against the complainant and establishes the motives for the offence. I therefore find no ground for interfering with the conviction of the petitioner. The sentence is unduly severe for the offence of which the petitioner has been found guilty. He committed a petty assault, and yet has not only been fined Rs. 25 but has also been sentenced to one month's rigorous imprisonment. In addition to that, he has been bound over for a period of six months. It may be true that it is necessary to protect informers against the wrath and vengeance of those against whom they have informed; and it may therefore have been necessary either to have given the petitioner a small term of imprisonment or to have bound him over. I do not think that both were necessary; and it seems as if the learned Magistrates in awarding this sentence have been influenced by the previous conviction of the petitioner for an entirely different kind of offence. The order binding the accused over .will stand; but the sentence will be reduced to the period of imprisonment already undergone, which I understand is about a week. The fine is cancelled. One week will be allowed for furnishing security.


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