U.S. Supreme Court Richmond v. City of Milwaukee, 62 U.S. 21 How. 391 391 (1858)
Richmond v. City of Milwaukee
62 U.S. (21 How.) 391
APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN
After a case has been heard and dismissed for want of jurisdiction, because it did not appear that the value of the property in controversy exceeded two thousand dollars, affidavits of its value come too late.
The cases upon this point examined.
Moreover, the value of the property is stated in the proceedings of the court below, and affidavits have never been received here to vary it or enhance it in order to give jurisdiction.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE TANEY delivered the opinion of the Court.
This case was dismissed at a former day of the present term because it did not appear that the value of the property in controversy exceeded $2,000. An affidavit has now been filed on the part of the appellant stating that the property was worth $2,500, and a motion thereupon made to reinstate the case, to which the counsel for the appellees assent.
There are cases -- such, for example, as an ejectment, or a suit for dower -- in which the value does not, according to the usual forms of proceeding, appear in the pleadings or evidence in the record. In such cases, affidavits of value have been received here in order to show that the value is large enough to give jurisdiction to this Court. That was the case in Course v. Steadman, referred to in the 13th rule of this Court. The case is reported in 4 U. S. 4 Dall. 22. It was a proceeding to charge a tract of land with a lien created by a judgment, and, as the decree was against the respondent, it was necessary for her to show that the land was worth more than $2,000 in order to support the appeal. The case of Williamson v. Kincaid, referred to in the above-mentioned case, 4 U. S. 4 Dall. 19, was an action for dower. But in both of these cases, the affidavits were filed before the argument on the merits, and in Bush v. Parker, 5 Cranch 257, Mr. Justice Livingston expressed his opinion strongly against giving time to file affidavits of value, and the Court refused to continue the case for
that purpose. And in the class of cases above mentioned, in which affidavits are received, there is no instance in which a case has been postponed or reinstated, in order to give the party time to produce affidavits of value. Indeed, such a practice would be irregular and inconvenient, and might sometimes produce conflicting affidavits, and bring on a controversy about value, occupying as much of the time of the court as the merits of the case.
And if this case were one of those in which affidavits could be received, they come too late after the case has been heard and dismissed for want of jurisdiction. But it is not a case of that description. The value of the lots about to be sold for corporation taxes was involved directly in the dispute. Their value is stated in the bill, and the amount of taxes imposed upon them, in order to show that the overcharge made by the corporation was unreasonable and oppressive; and their value is stated by the complainant to be "over $500" -- the sum mentioned being only one-fourth of the amount required to give jurisdiction to this Court; and where the value is stated in the pleadings or proceedings of the court below, affidavits here have never been received to vary it or enhance it, in order to give jurisdiction. And the affidavit now offered could not have been received, even if filed before the argument of the case.
The motion to reinstate is therefore overruled.