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Swamiappa Goundar and ors. Vs. Vettakaranpudur Mahajana Bank Ltd., by Its Secretary, V.M. Meenakshisundaram Pillai and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai High Court
Decided On
Reported in(1978)1MLJ54
AppellantSwamiappa Goundar and ors.
RespondentVettakaranpudur Mahajana Bank Ltd., by Its Secretary, V.M. Meenakshisundaram Pillai and anr.
Cases ReferredNainamul v. B. Subba Rao
Excerpt:
- - abdul gaffoor sahib air1962mad1 ,has also been referred to by the supreme court in the said decision and distinguished on the ground that it was a decision rendered under section 13. this clearly shows that the supreme court was not considering the correctness or otherwise of the decisions of either the andhra pradesh full bench decision or of the madras full bench decision......of the plaintiff bank that the view taken by the lower appellate court was contrary to the full bench decision of this court in chellammal v. abdul gaffoor sahib : air1962mad1 , and that the said full bench decision was a clear authority for the proposition that where a debtor has in fact paid the interest at the contract rate which has been appropriated by the creditor towards interest he cannot have the transaction reopened by calling upon the creditor to reappropriate the amounts paid and appropriated in a different manner. the defendants however, contended that in view of the full bench decision of the andhra pradesh high court in nainamul v. b. subba rao (1957) 2 an.w.r. 53 : a.i.r. 1957 a.p. 546, which has been approved by the supreme court in krishniah v. seshachalam :.....
Judgment:

G. Ramanujam, J.

1. This Letters Patent Appeal arises out of the judgment of Kailasam, J., as he then was, rendered in Second Appeal No. 377 of 1962. The first respondent herein filed a suit on two mortgages for recovery of a sum of Rs. 4,586-6-8. The mortgages sued upon were : (i) Exhibit A-1, dated 30th December, 1942 for Rs. 4,000 executed by the defendants in favour of the plaintiff agreeing to pay interest at 6 per cent per annum payable half yearly and the default interest at 9per cent, if the principal amount was not repaid within a period of two years; and (ii) Exhibit A-2, dated 23rd May, 1945 for Rs. 2,400 payable with interest at 9-3/8. per cent. re-payable in one year and in case of default in repayment default interest at 22 per cent, is chargeable. The defendants who are the appellants herein had paid various amounts and those amounts have been adjusted by the plaintiff towards interest at the contract rate. On 24th October, 1956, the defendants issued a lawyer's notice to the plaintiff bank calling upon the bank to re-open the accounts and adjust the interest paid towards the mortgage debt calculating interest at the rate provided by Section 13 of Act IV of 1938 as amended from time to time. Along with the said notice, the defendants enclosed a cheque for Rs. 3,403 which according to them was sufficient to discharge the entire mortgage debt. The plaintiff bank accepted the said payment but disputed the defendant's claim that the earlier appropriation of the amounts paid towards interest can be reopened. Thereafter the plaintiff bank filed O.S. No. 48 of 1959 on the file of the Court of District Munsif, Udumalpet, for recovery of the balance of the amount said to be still due. In the said suit, the defendants contended that all the payments made earlier should be reappropriated towards principal and interest on the basis of the statutory rate of interest and that the balance of the amount due on the mortgages if any arrived at after calculating interest at the said rate will alone be payable. The trial Court rejected the case of the defendants and decreed the suit. But the lower appellate Court however, upheld the contention put forward by the defendants that they were entitled to call upon the plaintiff bank to make a reappropriation of the amounts paid after calculating interest at the rate provided in Section 13. Aggrieved against the said decision of the lower appellate Court, the plaintiff came to this Court by way of second appeal.

2. In the second appeal it was contended on behalf of the plaintiff bank that the view taken by the lower appellate Court was contrary to the Full Bench decision of this Court in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib : AIR1962Mad1 , and that the said Full Bench decision was a clear authority for the proposition that where a debtor has in fact paid the interest at the contract rate which has been appropriated by the creditor towards interest he cannot have the transaction reopened by calling upon the creditor to reappropriate the amounts paid and appropriated in a different manner. The defendants however, contended that in view of the Full Bench decision of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in Nainamul v. B. Subba Rao (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. 546, which has been approved by the Supreme Court in Krishniah v. Seshachalam : AIR1962Mad1 the view taken by the Full Bench in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. 546, cannot be taken to be correct any longer, Kailasam, J., as he then Was, who heard the second appeal has taken the view that the Supreme Court in Krishniah v. Seshachalam : AIR1962Mad1 , was dealing with a case of a debt which was incurred before Madras Act IV of 1938 came into force while the case covered by the Full Bench decision of this Court in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. 546, related to a debt which was incurred after the Act came into force that therefore, the Supreme Court cannot be taken to have doubted the correctness of the said Full Bench decision of this Court and that the Full Bench ruling is not in the least affected by the decision of the Supreme Court. In that view, the learned Judge allowed the second appeal, following the Full Bench decision in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. 546.

3 In the Letters Patent Appeal, the appellants reiterate practically the same contentions that were urged before the learned single Judge. It is said that after the decision of the Supreme Court in Krishnaiah v. Seshachalam : [1965]1SCR195 , which refers with approval the observations of Subba Rao, CJ., as he then was in Nainamul v. B.Subba Rao (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. 546, the foundation of the decision of the Full Bench in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib : AIR1962Mad1 , had been shaken, and that having regard to the fact that the Supreme Court has approved the observations of Subba Rao, CJ., in the decision in Nainamul v. B. Subba Rao, which has been specifically dissented by the Madras Full Bench in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaff oor Sahib : AIR1962Mad1 , the Madras decision should be taken to have been overruled by the Supreme Court. We are not inclined to agree with the said contention of the learned Counsel. Firstly the Supreme Court in Krishnaiah v. Seshachalam : [1965]1SCR195 , was dealing with a case relating to a debt incurred before the commencement of Madras Act IV of 1938 which is covered by Sections 8 and 9 and therefore, their Lordships of the Supreme Court were concerned only with the scope and ambit of Sections 8 and 9. There was no occasion for the Supreme Court to consider the scope and ambit of Section 13 which directly arose for consideration both in the Madras Full Bench case and the Andhra Pradesh Full Bench case. It is true that the Supreme Court has referred to certain observations of Subba Rao, CJ., in the Andhra Pradesh Full Bench case. But the reference to those observations with approval by the Supreme Court cannot be taken to be approval of the decision as correct. As a matter of fact, the decision of the Full Banch in chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib : AIR1962Mad1 , has also been referred to by the Supreme Court in the said decision and distinguished on the ground that it was a decision rendered under Section 13. This clearly shows that the Supreme Court was not considering the correctness or otherwise of the decisions of either the Andhra Pradesh Full Bench decision or of the Madras Full Bench decision. Though the Supreme Court has referred to both the Full Bench decisions, it has not gone into the question as to which of them is correct. It is not therefore possible for us to say that the Supreme court has approved the decision of the Andhra Full Bench and overruled the Madras Full Bench decision.

4. The learned Counsel for the appellants then contends that as between the two differing views expressed in the Andhra Pradesh Full Bench decision in Nainamul v. Subba Rao (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. and the Full Bench decision of this Court in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib : AIR1962Mad1 , the view expressed in the former case is preferable as being consistent with the object and the purpose of Madras Act IV of 1938 Though much can be said in favour of the view taken by the Full Bench of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in Nainamul v. B. Subba Rao (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P., we are bound by the Full Bench decision of this Court in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib : AIR1962Mad1 , which directly deals with the point in question. We have to therefore, follow the decision of the Full Bench in Chellammal v. Abdul Gaffoor Sahib , in preference to the view expressed by the Full Bench of : AIR1962Mad1 Andhra Pradesh High Court in Nainamul v. B. Subba Rao (1957) 2 An.W.R. 53 : A.I.R. 1957 A.P. Andhra Pradesh.

5. The result is, the Letters Patent Appeal fails and it is dismissed. There will be no order as to costs.


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