1. In dealing with this matter, we labour under some disadvantage as neither of us was a member of the Bench that disposed of the appeal.
2. The petitioners are defendants Nos. 27 to 29. The petition is for leave to appeal to His Majesty in Council. The suit was brought by a reversioner questioning certain alienations made by the widow of the last male holder. The alienation in question is of the year 1875. The widow sold certain lands to the father of defendant No. 27. The High Court agreeing with the Subordinate Judge held that no necessity for the alienation was proved and on that ground the sale was set aside. The first question that arises is, is the judgment of the High Court an affirming judgment? The petitioners contend that in regard to certain other alienations, the High Court took a different view from that taken by the trial Judge and it is, therefore, argued that the decree of the High Court must be taken to have varied that of the lower Court. The fallacy of this argument consists in ignoring that, though the decree of the first Court is a composite one, it comprises in fact as many decrees as there are alienees. The present petitioners are not interested in the parts of the decree relating to the other alienees; nor have the latter any concern with that portion of the decree which affects the petitioners. This view is in accordance with Vaithilinga Mudaliar v. Srirangathanni 49 Ind. Cas. 434 : 42 M. 228 : 36 M.L.J. 119 : 25 M.L.T. 190 : 10 L.W. 3.
3. As, therefore, in our opinion, the judgment of the High Court affirms that of the lower Court, we have to decide: does the appeal involve some substantial question of law? The petitioners complain that the learned Judges gave a finding against them in respect of the existence of necessity for the alienation, without advertance to the rule regarding recitals in ancient documents, laid down by the Judicial Committee. Venkata Reddi v. Rani Saheba of Wadhwan 55 Ind. Cas. 538 : 43 M. 541 : 38 M.L.J. 393 : 11 L.W. 451 : 18 A.L.J. 367 : (1920) M.W.N. 315 : 22 Bom.L.R. 541 : 2 U.P.L.R. (P.C.) 77 : 47 I.A. 6 : 28 M.L.T. 457 (P.C.), Nanda Lal v. Jagat Kishore Acharyya Chowdhuri 36 Ind. Cas 420 : 44 C. 186 : 20 M.L.T. 335 : 31 M.L.J. 563 : (1916) 2 M.W.N. 336 : 4 L.W. 458 : 18 Bom. L.R. 868 : 14 A.L.J. 1103 : 24 C.L.J. 487 : 1 P.L.W. 1 : 21 C.W.N. 225 : 10 Bur.L.T. 177 : 43 I.A. 249 (P.C.): see also Anapindi Somayya v. Ayyal Somayajula Venkatayya, 86 Ind. Cas. 483 : 48 M.L.J. 224 : 22 L.W. 81 : A.I.R. 1925 Mad. 673 and Aukula Sanyasi v. Gundala Ramachandra Rao 95 Ind. Cas. 691 : 51 M.L.J. 73 : (1926) M.W.N. 319 : A.I.R. 1926 Mad. 692. The transaction the validity of which was in question, happened 44 years before the date of the trial, and both the alienor and the alienee were dead when the suit was tried. What the learned Judges would have decided had they borne in mind the principle referred to, we are not in a position to say; but, in our opinion, the point raised is one of law. We are further satisfied that a substantial question of law is involved in the appeal
4. The learned Advocate for the petitioners says that he confines his appeal to the validity of the sale and does not propose to reopen any other question; such as that relating to the pedigree or the Will.
5. It is not disputed that the subject-matter is of the requisite value. We, therefore, certify that as regards the value and nature, the case fulfills the requirements of Sections 110 and 109 (a) and (6), Civil Procedure Code.