Skip to content


C.B. Swami Chetty Vs. S.T. Ethirajulu Naidu and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtChennai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in34Ind.Cas.853
AppellantC.B. Swami Chetty
RespondentS.T. Ethirajulu Naidu and anr.
Cases ReferredKedarnath Butt v. Sham Lall Khettry
Excerpt:
registration act (xvi of 1908), section 48 - equitable mortgage, document purporting to create--recital of terms--registration--evidence. - .....khettry 11 b.l.r. 495. in the present case, however, i think that the facts of the case and the terms of exhibits v and vi show that those documents are more than mere memoranda of facts; when the promissory notes were executed, no deposit of title-deeds was effected and consequently the subsequent deposit cannot be connected with the loan without some connecting link of evidence and without that link, there would be no evidence of a mortgage. that link is supplied by exhibits v and vi and it is really those documents which evidence the mortgages and it is only under them that the compound interest agreed to be paid becomes chargeable upon the property. those documents accordingly purport to create a charge on and thus affect immoveable property and are consequently compulsorily.....
Judgment:

John Wallis, C.J.

1. Exhibits V and VI both contain agreements about effecting an equitable mortgage by deposit of title-deeds Similar documents have been held in. England to affect land and require registration under the Statute of 7 Anne relating to Middlesex in Moore v. Culverhouse 27 Bea 639, Neve v. Pennel, Hunt v. Neve 2 H. & M. 170. The case of Kedarnath Dutt v. Sham Loll Khettry 11 B.L.R. 495 is distinguishable. The learned Judge was, therefore, right in holding that Exhibits V and VI required registration and were inadmissible under Section 49 of the Registration Act, even as regards the stipulation for compound interest on the equitable mortgages.

2. The appeal is dismissed with costs.

Phillips, J.

3. The question for decision in this appeal is whether Exhibits V and VI are admissible in evidence, although they are not registered. Plaintiffs had effected an equitable mortgage by deposit of title-deeds with a third party, and then arranged with the defendant to pay off this mortgagee and to mortgage the property to him. They accordingly executed two promissory notes for the mortgage-amount, and executed the two agreements Exhibits V and VI. These documents set out the terms of the contract and authorised the defendants to receive the title-deeds from the previous mortgagee. There is further an agreement that the terms of the promissory notes should be modified by a provision for compound interest. There is no other evidence of agreement to pay compound interest. Consequently defendant's claim thereto has been disallowed on the ground that Exhibits V, and VI are inadmissible in evidence. If Exhibits V and VI are to be excluded for want of registration, defendant cannot support his claim for compound interest. This question of whether a document executed contemporaneously with a mortgage by deposit of title-deeds requires registration, is one not without difficulty and the answer depends upon the effect of the document, that is, whether it is a mere memorandum or narrative of facts constituting the mortgage, or whether it sets forth the terms of the contract in such a way that the terms of the contract can be said to have been reduced to the form of a document (vide Shephard and Bown's Transfer of Property Act, page 255', and Ghose on Mortgage, page 158). That the distinction is a very narrow one is shown by the opposite conclusion arrived at in the cases reported as Dwarkanath Milter v. Sarat Kumari Dasi 7 B.L.R. 55 and as Kedarnath Butt v. Sham Lall Khettry 11 B.L.R. 495. In the present case, however, I think that the facts of the case and the terms of Exhibits V and VI show that those documents are more than mere memoranda of facts; when the promissory notes were executed, no deposit of title-deeds was effected and consequently the subsequent deposit cannot be connected with the loan without some connecting link of evidence and without that link, there would be no evidence of a mortgage. That link is supplied by Exhibits V and VI and it is really those documents which evidence the mortgages and it is only under them that the compound interest agreed to be paid becomes chargeable upon the property. Those documents accordingly purport to create a charge on and thus affect immoveable property and are consequently compulsorily registrable.

4. It is further contended that Exhibits V and VI should be treated as mere agreements to mortgage, but I cannot accede to this contention, for after execution of Exhibits V and VI the mortgages were complete so far as the mortgagors - were concerned, and the mortgagors had no further act to perform, nor document to execute to complete the mortgage.

5. Being unregistered, they are inadmissible in evidence and there is then no proof of defendant's claim to compound interest.

6. I agree in dismissing this appeal with costs.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //