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Chinnammal Achi Vs. Chena Muna Saithakkathi Rowther and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtChennai
Decided On
Reported inAIR1935Mad882
AppellantChinnammal Achi
RespondentChena Muna Saithakkathi Rowther and ors.
Cases ReferredAnantapadamanabhaswami v. Official Receiver of Secunderabad
Excerpt:
.....of criticism, cannot be swept under the carpet. therefore, as an employer, the government is entitled to prescribe, especially in a disciplined force like the police force, such a restriction at the entry level. there cannot be a dispute about the proposition that an employer has the right to prescribe any qualifications for appointment to a post. if that be so, an employer has a concomitant right even to prescribe disqualifications when it comes appointment to a post. persons who were never involved in criminal cases, need not be treated as equals to or on par with persons who were involved in criminal cases merely because they are acquitted later, especially in the matter of selection to the police service of the state. the classification made between them, is not only reason able..........insolvent on 9th september 1925. as the result of his insolvency the property became vested in the official receiver. it was sold by him on 17th january 1927 and was purchased by the plaintiff. in 1924, that is, before the insolvency the entire village of which the suit property formed a share had been attached in execution of a decree. after attachment the property was sold under ex. 4 on 27th may 1927 and purchased by defendant 5. the sale certificate, ex. 5, is dated 9th november 1928. this attachment and sale was in connexion with proceedings taken under the income tax act. for non-payment of the income tax the village was brought to sale. under section 46(2), income-tax act, the amount of income-tax has to be recovered from the assessee as if 'it was an arrear of land-revenue.'.....
Judgment:

Madhavan Nair, J.

1. Defendant 5 is the appellant. In this case the question for decision is as to who has bettor title to an undivided one-fifth share in the Ottakovil village, the suit property, whether the plaintiff or the appellant. According to the finding of the lower Courts this one-fifth share belonged to Arunachalam Chettiar. This finding has to be accepted in second appeal, Arunachalam Chetfciar became an insolvent on 9th September 1925. As the result of his insolvency the property became vested in the Official Receiver. It was sold by him on 17th January 1927 and was purchased by the plaintiff. In 1924, that is, before the insolvency the entire village of which the suit property formed a share had been attached in execution of a decree. After attachment the property was sold under Ex. 4 on 27th May 1927 and purchased by defendant 5. The sale certificate, Ex. 5, is dated 9th November 1928. This attachment and sale was in connexion with proceedings taken under the Income tax Act. For non-payment of the income tax the village was brought to sale. Under Section 46(2), Income-tax Act, the amount of income-tax has to be recovered from the assessee as if 'it was an arrear of land-revenue.' Proceedings were taken by the Collector under the Revenue Recovery Act and the property was attached and sold as mentioned above.

2. It is argued that on account of the previous attachment of the property in 1934 no effective title can be given to it in favour of the plaintiff by the subsequent sale by the Official Receiver. It is clear that though the property his been attached and sold under the Revenue Recovery Act the sale cannot give a higher title to the purchaser than the owner of the laud himself would have given if he had alienated the property privately. This appears to be clear from two decisions in Thammayya v. Ramanna 1926 Mad. 1161, and R.M.V.V.M. Chettiar Firm v. Subramania 1927 Rang. 289. It is only if the sale is for laud revenue that the purchaser gats a preferential title free from all incumbrances. Such a priority does not attach itself to a sale for the enforcement of other dues even if the sale is held under the provisions of the Revenue Recovery Act. The appellant hare cannot on the ground that the attachment and the sale were held under the provisions of the Revenue Recovery Act claim a better title than the plaintiff.

3. The attachment will have only the effect of an ordinary attachment as in the case of ordinary sales held under the Civil Procedure Coda and nothing more. In support of his contention the appellant relied upon a decision in Anantapadamanabhaswami v. Official Receiver of Secunderabad 1933 P.C. 134. In that case it was hold that an adjudication at Secunderabad which was a foreign Court operated in British India only under private international law and, having regard to Section 64 of the Code did not affect the rights of the attaching creditor. It is argued that the principle of that decision should be applied, and the rights of defendant 5 should prevail against the right of the plaintiff; but the judgment makes it clear that that decision would be inapplicable if the adjudication took place in the British Court. The difference is pointed out by their Lordships of the Privy Council at p. 413 of the judgment wherein they stated as follows:

It is irrelevant to consider what effect a British Indian adjudication order would have had on the appellant's prior attachment.

3. Thereby suggesting that if the adjudication had taken place in British India the title obtained by the sale effected by an Official Receiver would certainly have preference over the attachment and sale under the Civil Procedure Code. But the matter is made clearer in the following sentence:

Equally it is irrelevant to point out that a British Indian adjudication order would not be affected by the prohibitory provisions of Section 64 of the Code as it is not a private transfer. Such an order operates vi statuti, but the foreign adjudication order does not operate in British India vi statuti, but only under the rule of private international law.

4. This decision therefore is distinguishable and does not help the case of the appellant. It therefore follows that since the title to the property so far as the appellant is concerned accrued only on 9th November 1928, that is, subsequent to the sale by the Official Receiver, the title which the plaintiff obtained from the Official Receiver should have priority to the claims of defendant 5 though the property was attached as early as 1924. I accept the opinion of the lower appellate Court and dismiss the second appeal with costs.


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