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B. Ranga Row Vs. Emperor - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtChennai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in16Ind.Cas.518
AppellantB. Ranga Row
RespondentEmperor
Cases ReferredEmpress v. Durga Charan
Excerpt:
review - criminal revision petition--high court--dismissal for default--restoration--power of high court to review--practice--inherent power of court. - .....it is clearly laid down in referred trial no. 40 of 1905 of this court that the high court has no power to review its judgment in a referred trial. their lordships, the chief justice and moore, j., considered the question as beyond argument. the same view has been taken by the calcutta high court in in the matter of f.w. gibbons 14 c.k 42 and by the bombay high court in queen empress v. bhimappa bin ramanna 19 b.k 732. the language of section 369 of the criminal procedure code has been considered and the words have been treated as referring, to the power of review given to the high court under section 434 on a point specially reserved by the judge presiding at sessions. mr. section srinivasa iyengar, who argued the point, did not suggest that the decision of the high court in revision.....
Judgment:
ORDER

1. This is a petition to restore to the file Criminal Revision Petition No. 499 of 1912 and Criminal Miscellaneous Petition No. 326 of 1912. Criminal Revision Petition No. 499 of 1912 was petition to this Court to revise an order of the Sessions Judge of, Bellary in Criminal Appeal No. 38 of 1912 in which he ordered a re-trial of the case before him. The petition came before this Court and the order passed on it was dismissed for default' The present petition is to restore it. It is clearly laid down in Referred Trial No. 40 of 1905 of this Court that the High Court has no power to review its judgment in a referred trial. Their Lordships, the Chief Justice and Moore, J., considered the question as beyond argument. The same view has been taken by the Calcutta High Court in In the matter of F.W. Gibbons 14 C.k 42 and by the Bombay High Court in Queen Empress v. Bhimappa bin Ramanna 19 B.k 732. The language of Section 369 of the Criminal Procedure Code has been considered and the words have been treated as referring, to the power of review given to the High Court under Section 434 on a point specially reserved by the Judge presiding at Sessions. Mr. Section Srinivasa Iyengar, who argued the point, did not suggest that the decision of the High Court in revision stood on a different footing. This point has also been decided in Queen-Empress v. C.P. Fox 10 B.k 176 and Queen-Empress v. Durga Charan 7 M.H.C.R.29 where it was held that the High Court has no power to review an order made in the exercise of its revisional jurisdiction. He argued, however, that where a petition was dismissed for default, there has been no hearing and, therefore, the High Court can review the order dismissing it. He relies on a case reported as Proceedings, 7th November 1873 (5). That is a ruling to the effect that where a criminal appeal has been rejected without the appellant's Pleader being heard under the section corresponding to the present Section 421 of the Criminal Procedure Code, if it appears that the Pleader had not a reasonable opportunity of being heard, the Court could restore the case to its file. We have no doubt that this is correct, for the language of Section 421 requires a reasonable opportunity to be given and, if such reasonable opportunity is not given, the Court has no jurisdiction to dismiss the appeal. He also relies on some unreported cases of the High Court of Calcutta. In our opinion, in cases of Criminal Revisions no distinction can be made between an order passed without hearing the petitioner and one in which he is heard. It must be borne in mind that the revisional power of the High Court is exercised at its own discretion. No petitioner has a right to be heard and the High Court is cot compelled to interfere with a judgment brought to its notice unless it so thinks fit. It was also argued that this power to re-hear a petition once dismissed is inherent in the High Court. We asked Mr. Srinivasa Iyengar to produce any authority to show that such a power to review or alter its judgments has ever been exercised by the High Court in England and he has been unable to do so. The proposition is accepted both in Halsbury's Laws of England and in Archibold's Criminal Practice that, where a judgment is once complete the High Court has no power to alter it. A power to restore cases to its tile might, of course, be conferred on Criminal Courts in India by statute, just as it has been conferred in civil matters; but, in the absence of any such statutory provision and in the face of the decisions referred to, we are unable to hold that this Court can review or alter a judgment or order completed and passed. The petition is dismissed.


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