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Kandadi Appana Krishnamachary Vs. Sriman Madabhushi Simhadri Appalacharyulu - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtChennai
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1936Mad494; 161Ind.Cas.751
AppellantKandadi Appana Krishnamachary
RespondentSriman Madabhushi Simhadri Appalacharyulu
Cases ReferredNarayanan Nambudri v. Damodaran Nambudri
Excerpt:
civil procedure code (act v of 1903), order xxxi, rule 2, order xxxii, rule 7 - adjustment of decree pendding appeal--adjustment not certified under order xxi, rule 2--whether can be recognised by the executing court--compromise pending appeal nullifying lower court's decree--interest of minor affected--necessity of leave of court. - .....2, requires that adjustment to be certified, quite regardless of whether there is or is not an appeal pending against that decree; for the fact that an appeal is pending does not prevent the lower court's decree from being executed and if any adjustment is come to after the decree and before the decision of the appeal and is not certified or recorded as required under order xxi, rule 2, the court in my opinion, is debarred by sub-rule 3, from recognising such an adjustment. this really disposes of that present case.3. but with reference to the observations of the lower appellate court i may briefly state that in my opinion, the adjustment in question is also bad because it purports to bind a minor and was not approved by the court and i cannot accept the learned subordinate judge's.....
Judgment:

Wadsworth, J.

1. The appellant sought to execute a decree and the respondents pleaded an adjustment which had not been certified under Order XXI, Rule 2. It appears that after the decree had been passed and while an appeal was pending, the parties met together and arranged a settlement of all their outstanding disputes and one of the terms of that settlement was that the decree which had been obtained should be cancelled and that the adjustment should be certified in Court in the appeal. This apparently was not done but the appeal was dismissed as having been withdrawn.

2. It is argued that the adjustment is a predecretal arrangement which could be proved in bar of execution and the respondent quotes a decision of Curgenven, J., in Narayanan Nambudri v. Damodaran Nambudri A I R 1931 Mad. 26 : 120 Ind. Cas. 187 : Ind. Rul. (1931) Mad. 363, in support of the proposition that when an arrangement is come to while an appeal is pending, that arrangement is not one which requires to be certified under Order XXI, Rule 2, and can be regarded as a predecretal arrangement. It is true that Curgenven, J., does in the case referred to treat an arrangement come to at the second appellate stage and actually alter the second appellate decree had been passed (though the parties were not aware of its passing) as a predecretal arrangement. No authority is quoted for the view that an arrangement entered into during the pendency of an appeal is predecretal and the learned Judge does not lay it down as a general proposition that no adjustment entered into after a decree was passed and while an appeal is pending requires to be certified under Order XXI, Rule 2. I find it very difficult to appreciate the basis of that decision and all I would say is that, with all respect, it seems to me apparent that when there is an executable decree and an adjustment of that decree, Order XXI, Rule 2, requires that adjustment to be certified, quite regardless of whether there is or is not an appeal pending against that decree; for the fact that an appeal is pending does not prevent the lower Court's decree from being executed and if any adjustment is come to after the decree and before the decision of the appeal and is not certified or recorded as required under Order XXI, Rule 2, the Court in my opinion, is debarred by Sub-rule 3, from recognising such an adjustment. This really disposes of that present case.

3. But with reference to the observations of the lower Appellate Court I may briefly state that in my opinion, the adjustment in question is also bad because it purports to bind a minor and was not approved by the Court and I cannot accept the learned Subordinate Judge's distinction between the compromise of a suit and the compromise of an appeal. Apparently when in an appeal there is a compromise, a term of which is that the lower Court's decree shall be nullified, the learned Subordinate Judge would hold that there is no compromise of the appeal. I would only say that I cannot follow this reasoning. If there were not a compromise of the appeal, the appeal would go on; if however, the parties have come to an agreement to settle the appeal on certain terms which put an end to it, such a settlement, if it affects the interests of a minor, must under Order XXXII, Rule 7, be subject to the leave of the Court. I, therefore, allow the appeal with costs throughout and order that the decree shall be transferred to the Court of the District Munsif of Kovvur for execution.

4. Leave to appeal is refused.


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