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Vuluchi Bashyakarlu and anr. Vs. Ponnuri Perumallu and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtChennai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in161Ind.Cas.761
AppellantVuluchi Bashyakarlu and anr.
RespondentPonnuri Perumallu and ors.
Cases ReferredMalyam Patel Basavana Gowd v. Lakka Narayana Reddi
Excerpt:
water rights - ryotwari holder--interference with customary supply of water by another ryotwari holder--right of action--necessity of proof of actual damage or likelihood of damage. - .....m 171 : 18 m l j 178. again, in order to sustain an enforceable claim, the plaintiffs must prove actual damage or likelihood of damage. as wallace, j. observed in malyam patel basavana gowd v. lakka narayana reddi 54 m 793 : 133 ind. cas. 507 : a i r 1931 mad. 284 : 33 l w 681 : ind. rul. (1931) mad. 747 : 61 m l j 563, 'the plaintiffs have a cause of action apart from proof of actual damage and they have a right to an injunction if they establish probable prospective damage'. but the learned subordinate judge has found that the acts of the defendants do not cause either actual damage or are such as are likely to cause damage. in view of that finding the plaintiffs will have to be nonsuited. but the plaintiffs' cause of action is recurring cause of action. if at any future period they.....
Judgment:

Venkatramana Rao, J.

1. The plaintiffs and defendants are ryotwari holders. The question in this case is whether the right of the plaintiffs to the water in channel C marked in the plan Ex. C-1 has been interfered with by raising and altering the width of the bund D by the defendants. The District Munsif was of opinion that the plaintiffs' right was infringed and the act of the defendants was such as would cause damage to the plaintiffs in seasons of drought. He accordingly gave a decree to the plaintiffs for the relief claimed by them. The learned Subordinate Judge reversed that decree, and in so doing, he observes that the plaintiffs have no cause of action, whatever the interference of the defendants might be, relying on a case reported in Mahankali Lakshmiah v. Karnam Narayanappa (1918) M W N 276 : 45 Ind. Cas. 80 : 34 M L J 425 : 23 M L T 337. The learned Judge has not correctly understood the law which regulates the rights inter se of ryotwari holders in regard to the supply of water they are entitled to get from the Government. Of course as against Government the right of a ryotwari holder is to receive a supply of water sufficient for the irrigation of his mamool wet lands according to the machinery or method provided by the Government and even the Government has no right to interfere with this supply until they provide him with an equally efficient supply. But if that customary supply and manner of supply has been interfered with not by Government but by private parties, such interference prima facie is an invasion of the plaintiff's right and will give rise to a civil cause of action--Vide Malyam Patel Basavana Gowd v. Lakka Narayana Reddi 54 M 793 : 133 Ind. Cas. 507 : A I R 1931 Mad. 284 : 33 L W 681 : Ind. Rul. (1931) Mad. 747 : 61 M L J 563 and Raman Odayan v. Subramania Ayyar 31 M 171 : 18 M L J 178. Again, in order to sustain an enforceable claim, the plaintiffs must prove actual damage or likelihood of damage. As Wallace, J. observed in Malyam Patel Basavana Gowd v. Lakka Narayana Reddi 54 M 793 : 133 Ind. Cas. 507 : A I R 1931 Mad. 284 : 33 L W 681 : Ind. Rul. (1931) Mad. 747 : 61 M L J 563, 'The plaintiffs have a cause of action apart from proof of actual damage and they have a right to an injunction if they establish probable prospective damage'. But the learned Subordinate Judge has found that the acts of the defendants do not cause either actual damage or are such as are likely to cause damage. In view of that finding the plaintiffs will have to be nonsuited. But the plaintiffs' cause of action is recurring cause of action. If at any future period they are able to show that they sustain actual damage, relief may still be open to them. The second appeal, therefore, fails and is dismissed and I direct each party to bear their own costs in this appeal.


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