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M/S. Kanpur Vanaspati Stores, Kanpur Vs. the Commissioner of Sales Tax, U.P. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Appeals Nos. 2300 to 2302 of 1969 and 14 and 15 of 1970
Reported in(1973)2CTR(SC)289
AppellantM/S. Kanpur Vanaspati Stores, Kanpur
RespondentThe Commissioner of Sales Tax, U.P.
Cases ReferredUnited Timber and Cashew Products (P) Ltd. vs. Sales Tax Officer
Excerpt:
- .....of malwa vanaspati and chemical company ltd., indore.3. in those appeals we are concerned with the assessees assessment of sales-tax for the assessment year 1957-58. its return for that year disclosed a gross as well as net turnover of rs. 1,66,387.03 p. along with its return the assessee paid rs. 1,060.30 p. towards the tax due. before the assessing authority the assessee admitted that its tax liability was rs. 10,339.19 p. it is admitted as well as proved that the assessee had collected from its purchasers the said amount of rs. 10,339.19 p. the sales tax officer after making certain enquires came to the conclusion that the total turnover of the assessee during the assessment year in question was rs. 58,06,132.30 p. the assessee was given opportunity to show that the estimate made by.....
Judgment:
Hegde, J. - These are appeals by special leave. They are filed by the same assessee. They arise from the decision of a Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court. The judgment under appeal not only deals with references made under the U.P. Sales Tax Act, 1948 (hereinafter referred to as the Act) but also the two writ petitions filed by the assessee.

2. The assessee who is a registered dealer under the Act his having his business at Kanpur. It carries on business in hydrogenated oil and washing soap. It also imports and distributes vanaspati as an agent of Malwa Vanaspati and Chemical Company Ltd., Indore.

3. In those appeals we are concerned with the assessees assessment of sales-tax for the assessment year 1957-58. Its return for that year disclosed a gross as well as net turnover of Rs. 1,66,387.03 P. Along with its return the assessee paid Rs. 1,060.30 P. towards the tax due. Before the assessing authority the assessee admitted that its tax liability was Rs. 10,339.19 P. It is admitted as well as proved that the assessee had collected from its purchasers the said amount of Rs. 10,339.19 P. The Sales Tax Officer after making certain enquires came to the conclusion that the total turnover of the assessee during the assessment year in question was Rs. 58,06,132.30 P. The assessee was given opportunity to show that the estimate made by the Sales Tax Officer was not correct. From the records of the case we find that as many as 30 adjournments were given to the assessee to establish its case but the assessee did not taken advantage of those opportunities. The case was finally posted for hearing on March 24, 1962. That day the assessee was absent; but made an application for a adjournment of the case by 15 days. That adjournment was not granted and it could not have been granted because the assessment would have been barred by the end of the financial year 1961-62. Hence the assessing authority, on the basis of its best judgment determined the turn-over of the assessee at Rs. 58,06,132.30 P. and determined its tax liability at Rs. 3,62,691.62 P. Under section 3-A of the Act.

4. Against the order of assessment the assessee filed an appeal within 30 days from the date of the order of assessment. At the time of filing the appeal the assessee deposited only a sum of Rs. 1,600/-. It appears that the office of the appeal. After receiving some explanation from the assessee the appeal was entertained and notice issued to the assessing authority. When the Sales Tax Officer put in his appearance in the appeal he objected to the maintainability of the appeal on the ground that the Proviso to Section 9 of the Act had not been complied with. That objection was accepted and the appeal was dismissed as not maintainable. Thereafter at the instance of the assessee certain questions we referred to the High Court for ascertaining its opinion. During the pendency of that reference the assessee filed a writ petition under Article 226 of the Constitution challenging the validity of the Notification issued under Section 3-A. Thereafter another application was made under Article 227 of the Constitution challenging the recovery proceedings. Both the writ petitions were dismissed. In the reference made by the Appellate Judge the High Court came to the conclusion that the appeal was properly dismissed.

5. Mr. Gupte, the learned counsel for the assessee appellant advanced the following contentions before us -

(1) that the appeal was illegally dismissed;

(2) that the assessee appellant being an importer cannot be considered as one of the successive dealers in the series of sales as contemplated by Section 3A; and

(3) that the Notification issued under section 3A was ultra vires the power granted on the Government.

6. In order to appreciate the contentions advanced, it is necessary to refer to certain provisions of the Act, Section 3 (1) of the Act provides :

'Subject to the provisions of this Act, every dealer shall, for each assessment year, pay a tax at the rate of three pies per rupee on his turnover of such year, which shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed.' (Remaining portion of the provision is not relevant for out purpose).

Section 3A(1) reads thus :

'Notwithstanding anything contained in Section 3, the State Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare that the turnover in respect of any goods or class of goods shall not be successive dealers as the State Government may specify.' (Remaining portion of Sec. 3-A is not relevant for our purpose.)

Now we come to Section 9 (1) and this section provides :

'Any dealer objecting to an order allowing or refusing an application for exemption Certificate under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of sec. 4 or to an order refusing an application under Section 30 or to an order imposing a penalty under Section 15A or an assessment made under sections 7, 7-A, 7-B, 18 or 21, may within 30 days from the date of service of the copy of the order or notice of assessment, as the case may be appeal to such authority as may be prescribed :

Provided that no appeal against an assessment shall be entertained unless it is accompanied by satisfactory proof of the payment of the amount of tax admitted by the appellant to be due, or of such instalments thereof as may have become payable :' (Second Proviso is not relevant for our present purpose.)

7. We may now turn to Rules 12 and 41 (2). Rule 12 provides for the submission of the quarterly returns by an importer. Rule 41 prescribes the mode of submission of returns and assessment. Sub-rule (2) of Rule 41 prescribes :

'Before submitting the return under sub-rule (1), the dealer shall deposit in the treasury the amount of tax calculated by him on the turnover shown in such return and shall submit the treasury challan with the return to submit with the return a cheque for the amount of calculated.' (Proviso is not relevant for our present purpose.)

8. Having referred to the material provisions in the Act and the Rules, let us now turn back to the contentions advanced before us. We shall take up the last two contentions first, namely, that the assessee, who is an importer, not being one of the 'successive dealers' could not have been brought to tax under section 3-A and as such the Vanaspati made by the assessee from Indore under Section 3-A brought to tax the import of Vanaspati made by the assessee from Indore under Section 3-A, is ultra vires. It may be noted that section 3 is the general provision. It provides for multipoint tax. To this general rule certain exceptions are provided. One of the exceptions is that provided under Section 3-A. That section permits the Government to select certain items of goods for a single-point levy. Vanaspati is one of the items selected for a single-point levy. The appellant does not contest the competence of the legislature to enact Section 3-A. It also does not contest the validity of the power conferred on the Government to select sale of certain goods for single-point taxation. What is contended on its behalf is that Section 3-A provides that single point levy can be imposed only on the 'successive dealers' in the series of dealers; an importer is not one such dealer; he being the very first dealer in the State. Undoubtedly; an importer is one of the dealers. He is the first dealer in the State. The chain of successive dealers begins from the first dealer and it goes up to the last-dealer. Any one of the dealers in this chain can be considered as a 'successive dealer'. The series do not begin in the middle. It must necessarily beginning. This is also the view taken by the Allahabad High Court in Ram Kumar Rajendra Swaroop vs. Commissioner of Sales tax (1). It is an obvious conclusion. If an importer is one of the successive dealers which undoubtedly he is, necessarily the notification issued by the Government must be considered to be a valid notification. In this view we reject the last two contentions advanced by Mr. Gupte.

9. Now turning our attention to the first contention advanced by Mr. Gupte, we find there are several difficulties in the way of accepting the same. As mentioned earlier the assessee in this return has shown what its turnover was and at what rate the tax is payable by it. It had admitted before the assessing authority what is turnover was. Further it had also admitted before that authority that it was liable to pay tax at the rate of one anna per rupee on its turnover which comes to Rs. 10,339.19 P. It had also admitted before the same authority that it had collected that amount from its purchasers. It did not dispute before the assessing authority the validity of the notification issued under section 3-A. Under Rule 41 (2), read with Rule 12 it was bound to submit quarterly returns. We take it that must have submitted its quarterly returns. Under sub-rule (2) of Rule 41 the assessee was bound to deposit the tax due from it according to its return. In other words even according to the assessee it was bound to deposit into the Treasury or pay cheque to the assessing authority of Rs. 10,339.19 P. Admittedly, it had not done so. What is urged by the learned counsel is that whatever might be the facts admitted in the return and whatever might be the admissions made before the assessing authority it was open to the assessee to take a different stand in its memorandum of appeal & what is relevant for the purpose of Section 9 is the stand taken by the assessee in the memorandum of appeal. In support of the contention two decisions : One of the Allahabad High Court in Ghanshyamdas Balmukund vs. The State of Uttar Pradesh and others (2) and the other of the Kerala High Court in United Timber and Cashew Products (P) Ltd. vs. Sales Tax Officer, Cannanore (3) were cited. Those decisions undoubtedly support the contention of the appellant but we find it difficult to accept the conclusions reached by the Allahabad High Court & the Kerala High Court. In his decision the learned single Judge of the Kerala High Court had merely followed the Allahabad High Courts decision. If we come to the conclusion that the expression 'tax admitted' in the proviso to Section 9 (1) means that admitted in the memorandum of appeal, his liability in the memorandum of appeal, whatever his stand might have been before the assessing authority. Ordinarily no interpretation should be placed on a provision which would have the effect of making the provision either otiose or a dead letter. Further, to find out the true meaning of the expression 'tax admitted' we must take into consideration the remaining words of the proviso namely 'or such instalments thereof as may become payable'. Those words furnish a key to the interpretation. If one of the conditions for maintainability of the appeal is payment of the instalments which have become payable u/r 41 (2), it means that the admission that has got to be taken into consideration is that made before the assessing authority & not before the appellate authority. That apart, we do not think that the stand taken by appellant before the appellate authority can be considered as a bona fide stand. We are of the opinion that the contention taken by the appellant before the appellant authority that it cannot be brought within the scope of Section 3-A of the Act was an after-thought. No such contention was taken before the assessing authority. If the assessee believed that contention to be true it would not have collected from its purchasers the tax at the rate of one anna per rupee. Further it is now well settled by the decision of this Court that no one can challenge the validity of a provision of an Act or Rule made thereunder or even a notification issued under the Act or under the Rules made, before the authorities constituted under the Act. It is true as contended by Mr. Gupte that these decisions were rendered long after 1962 but the fact remains that the decision in question merely interpret what the law is.

10. We find neither merit nor equity in these appeals. Hence these appeals are dismissed with costs, hearing fee one set.


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