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The State of Kerala Vs. M/S. Moolji Vissanji. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtSupreme Court of India
Decided On
Case Number Civil Appeals Nos. 339-341 of 1959
Reported in(1974)3CTR(SC)174
AppellantThe State of Kerala
RespondentM/S. Moolji Vissanji.
Cases ReferredState of Kerala vs. P. P. Joseph
Excerpt:
- .....the order of assessment in exercise of his power under rule 33 of the rules framed under the kerala sales tax act of 1925. following the decision of the kerala high court reported in 1965 k.l.t. p. 1167, he set aside the order of the deputy commissioner on the ground that the proceedings were initiated beyond time.2. aggrieved by the order of the tribunal, the state of kerala took up the matter in revision to the high court of kerala. the high court dismissed the revision petition with the following observations :'in the light of the decision of the supreme court in 16 stc 231, and of this court in 1965 k.l.t. 1167, this t.r.c. has to be dismissed. it is dismissed accordingly; no costs.'3. the decision of the kerala high court in state of kerala vs. k. e. nainan was overruled by.....
Judgment:
Hegde, J. - These appeals by certificate raise a common question of law. We shall refer to that question presently. The respondent-assessee was assessed to sales tax for the year 1957-58, 1958-59 and 1959-60 in February, 1961. At time of the said assessment, he was granted certain exemptions by the Sales Tax Officer. On an examination of the records, the Deputy Commissioner of Sales Tax came to the conclusion that the exemptions granted by Sales Tax Officer were impermissible under law. Therefore, he started suo moto revision proceedings sometimes in 1963. After giving an opportunity to the assessee to represent his case he revised the order of assessment by his order dated May 20, 1965. That order was challenged by the assessee before the Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal. The Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal opined that the Deputy Commissioner of Sales Tax revised the order of assessment in exercise of his power under Rule 33 of the Rules framed under the Kerala Sales Tax Act of 1925. Following the decision of the Kerala High Court reported in 1965 K.L.T. P. 1167, he set aside the order of the Deputy Commissioner on the ground that the proceedings were initiated beyond time.

2. Aggrieved by the order of the Tribunal, the State of Kerala took up the matter in revision to the High Court of Kerala. The High Court dismissed the revision petition with the following observations :

'In the light of the decision of the Supreme Court in 16 STC 231, and of this Court in 1965 K.L.T. 1167, this T.R.C. has to be dismissed. It is dismissed accordingly; No costs.'

3. The decision of the Kerala High Court in State of Kerala vs. K. E. Nainan was overruled by this Court in State of Kerala vs. K. E. Nainan, and the decision of this Court in State of Mysore vs. Yaddalam Lakshminarasimhiah Setty & Sons is no more good in view of the amendments with retrospective effect made later to the relevant provisions. See the decisions of this Court in State of Kerala vs. P. P. Joseph & Co. and Joseph Elias. Hence the decision of the High Court cannot be upheld.

4. Counsel for the respondent-assessee contends that the order of the Deputy Commissioner is not valid is the same was made beyond the time fixed by Section 35 to the Kerala Central (Sales Tax) Act, 1963. This contention was not taken either before the Tribunal or before the High Court. Council for the assessee further contends that the other points that were urged before the Tribunal were neither points that were urged before the Tribunal were neither considered by the Tribunal nor by the High Court in view of their conclusion that the revision proceeding was barred by limitation for the reasons mentioned by them. It is open to the assessee to urge before the High Court those contentions.

5. For the reasons mentioned earlier, these appeals are allowed, the order of the High Court set aside and the cases remitted to that Court for disposal according to law. Under the circumstances of the case, we direct the parties to bear their own costs in this Court.


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