U.S. Supreme Court Santa Cruz County Supervisors v. Santa Cruz R. Co., 111 U.S. 361 (1884)
Santa Cruz County Supervisors v. Santa Cruz Railroad Company
Submitted March 31, 1884
Decided April 14, 1884
111 U.S. 361
I N ERROR TO THE SUPREME COURT
OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA
This Court will not take jurisdiction to review the action of a state court if the federal question raised here was not raised below, and if no opportunity was given to the state court to pass upon it.
Motion to dismiss on the ground that the federal question raised here was not raised below.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WAITE delivered the opinion of the Court.
This was a suit brought by the Santa Cruz Railroad Company to require the Board of Commissioners of the County of Santa Cruz to deliver certain bonds, claimed to be due from the county under a contract with the railroad company. The defenses were 1, that the contract was unilateral, and therefore not binding on the county 2, that the board of supervisors exceeded its authority in making the contract, and 3, that a repealing statute, passed after the contract was entered into, took away the power of the board to make any further deliveries of bonds. No objection whatever was made to the validity of the statute under which the board assumed to act in making the contract. The whole defense rested on the construction and effect to be given to certain statutes, which no one denied the constitutional power of the legislature to enact.
The ground of federal jurisdiction relied on in the brief of counsel for the county is
"that, by the issuance of the bonds demanded in this proceeding, the state would deprive the taxpayers of the County of Santa Cruz of property without due process of law, contrary to the right, privilege, or immunity secured by the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States."
That was not the question presented to, or decided by, the state court. In that court, the inquiry was whether the proceedings of the board to charge the county were according to law, not whether the law under which the proceedings were had was constitutional and binding on the taxpayers. The state court decided that the proceedings were in accordance with the requirements of the law, and thus created an obligation on the part of the county to deliver the bonds, which was not discharged by the repealing statute relied on. This decision involved no question of federal law, and is not reviewable here.
The motion to dismiss is granted.