Banerjee and Rampini, JJ.
1. This appeal arises out of an application made by the appellant under Section 525 of the Code of Civil Procedure for filing an arbitration award made without the intervention of any Court.
2. It is not necessary to say anything more about the previous stages of this litigation than this, that, in accordance with the decision of the Full Bench in this case the case (1897) I. L. R. 25 Calc. 757. was sent back to the Court below to determine, upon evidence, whether the objections taken by the defendant against the validity of the award were made out or not.
3. It has now been held by the Court below that some of the objection have been made out, and that the award is invalid by reason of its having been made after the revocation of the reference for good cause.
4. Against this decision of the lower Court the plaintiff has preferred the present appeal, and it is argued on his behalf, first, that the Court below was wrong in disposing of the question of the validity of the award as a mixed question of law and fact, when the plaintiff had no notice that it was going to be so disposed of, and when the only notice that the plaintiff received was that the Court was going to decide the abstract question of law, whether the award was invalid by reason of the defendant having revoked the authority of the arbitrator; secondly, it is argued that upon the materials before it the Court below was wrong in holding that there was any valid reason for the revocation of the reference, or that the award was vitiated by reason of the misconduct of the arbitrator.
5. In support of the first contention we were referred to certain portions of the order-sheet, namely, to orders Nos. 38 to 44, as showing that the only question which the Court was going to consider and the only question upon which argument was heard, was the question whether the award filed was invalid by reason of the defendant having written a protest letter to the arbitrator.
6. We are of opinion that the portions of the order-sheet referred to do not bear out the contention of the learned vakeel for the appellant. Although there are portions of the orders referred to, which, if they stood alone, might support the appellant's contention, yet taking the orders as a whole, we must hold that the question which was discussed before the Court was not the abstract question whether the award was invalid by reason of mere revocation of the arbitrator's authority, but that it was the concrete question, the mixed question of law and fact, namely, whether the award was invalid by reason of the letter of protest dated the 5th January 1897, that is, by reason of the protests for the reasons stated in that letter. That was really the question before the Court, as appears from order No: 43, which is in these words: 'Upon plaintiff's application it is noted that the pleader informed, the Court that other witnesses to prove ekrarnama only are present.'
7. This goes to show that the Court enquired whether the plaintiff had any witnesses to examine upon any point other than the question of the execution of the ekrarnama, and was informed that the other witnesses of the plaintiff, that is, the witnesses, other than those examined, were cited to prove the ekrarnama, and upon that point the Court below did not think that any further evidence .was necessary, as it says in its judgment that the execution of the ekrarnama was admitted by the defendant. The judgment also shows that the whole question was discussed before the Court, as there are arguments noticed in the judgment which could not have been addressed to the Court, unless the whole question was before it.
8. The first contention of the appellant, that he had no sufficient opportunity of establishing his case, has therefore no force.
9. Upon the second point we think that it is clear from the evidence that the revocation of the reference m this case was for a good and valid reason.
10. The letter itself (Exhibit D), dated the 5th of January 1897, to the arbitrator, sets out the reason for which the defendant revoked the reference. That reason is stated in these words: 'That the said Mahomed Wahiduddin manages all your village and court affairs and he has been manager of all your affairs for a long time, hence he may, in lieu of his services rendered to you, influence you, which, being unjust, would be prejudicial to the interests of my client; my client therefore apprehends that justice will not be shown her.' It was argued that, if this was the reason, the defendant on her own admission in her deposition must have boon aware of the fact that the plaintiff was the am-muktear of the arbitrator long before the reference was made. We are of opinion that this is not so. All that the defendant in her evidence says is, that she heard from the plaintiff some five or six years ago that he was the muktear of the arbitrator; but she does not say that she was aware of the fact that the plaintiff acted as the arbitrator's muktear without receiving any remuneration--a fact winch is not now disputed. This circumstance, then, was of itself sufficient to justify the revocation of the reference. But there is another important fact which appears in the evidence of the arbitrator himself. He says he is indebted to the plaintiff. The admission is made after some slight hesitation. It is argued for the appellant that there is nothing to show whether this indebtedness existed at the time of the reference, or whether the arbitrator became indebted subsequently. If it existed at the time of the reference and was not disclosed to the defendant, that would be a good reason for the revocation of the authority given to the arbitrator. If it came into existence subsequently, that was a good reason for the letter to the arbitrator, and so upon either of these two views this indebtedness of the arbitrator to the plaintiff would also be a good reason for revocation of the reference. The fact, moreover, that it was never disclosed would be a ground for' invalidating the award on account of judicial misconduct. The view we take is supported by the case of O. R. Coley v. V. A. DaCosta (1890) I. L. R. Calc. 200., Toolsimoni Dasi v. Sudevi Dasi (1899) 3 C. W. N. 361., and Kali Prosanno Ghose v. Rajani Kant a Chatterjee (1897) I. L. R. 25 Calc. 141. For these reasons we dismiss this appeal with costs.