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Ram Ranjan Chakravarti Vs. Indra NaraIn Dass - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1906)ILR33Cal890
AppellantRam Ranjan Chakravarti
Respondentindra NaraIn Dass
Cases ReferredShco Prasacl v. Behnri Lal
Excerpt:
transfer of property act (iv of 1882) sections 89, 90 - mortgage--release of portion of mortgaged property--mortgagee's right to release personal decree against mortgagor. - .....construction of sections 89 and 90 of the transfer of property act. the application here is for a personal decree under section 90 of that act. apparently, a personal decree can only be obtained, as provided in that section, 'when the net proceeds of any such sale are insufficient to pay the amount due on the mortgage.' the expression 'such sale' evidently refers to a sale under section 89. section 89 says that, if payment is not made, the plaintiff may apply to the court 'for an order absolute for sale of the mortgaged property.' prime facie, that means the whole of the mortgaged property. then it goes on to say 'the court shall then pass an order that such property or a sufficient part thereof he sold.' in the present case, neither the whole of the mortgaged property nor a sufficient.....
Judgment:

Francis William Maclean, K.C.I.E., C.J.

1. I think both the Subordinate Judge and the District Judge are right in this case. The only matter that presses upon me in connection with it is a decision of the Allahabad High Court, Shco Prasacl v. Behnri Lal (1902) I.L.R. 25 All. 79--a decision which is entitled to every respect. Unfortunately I am unable to agree in the conclusion of the learned Judges in that case. I agree with them to this extent that the question raised in the present case depends upon the construction of Sections 89 and 90 of the Transfer of Property Act. The application here is for a personal decree under Section 90 of that Act. Apparently, a personal decree can only be obtained, as provided in that section, 'when the net proceeds of any such sale are insufficient to pay the amount due on the mortgage.' The expression 'such sale' evidently refers to a sale under Section 89. Section 89 says that, if payment is not made, the plaintiff may apply to the Court 'for an order absolute for sale of the mortgaged property.' Prime facie, that means the whole of the mortgaged property. Then it goes on to say 'the Court shall then pass an order that such property or a sufficient part thereof he sold.' In the present case, neither the whole of the mortgaged property nor a sufficient ' part of it has been sold, as is contemplated by Section 89. Therefore, the condition precedent to enable the Court to pass a decree under Section 90 has not been complied with. This is what has happened. The mortgagee released substantial portions of the property originally mortgaged, and the purchasers of these portions from the mortgage debt. The Subordinate Judge says that that was done without the consent of the mortgagors, and there is nothing to show that they acquiesced in it. I agree with the Allahabad High Court in holding that a mortgagee, if he likes, may release a portion of the mortgaged property from the debt; but he cannot do so to the detriment of the mortgagor, so as to impose upon him a personal liability, to which otherwise he would not be subject. There is nothing to show that, if the whole of the mortgaged property had been fold, it would not have been sufficient to pay off the whole mortgage-debt; nor is there anything to show that the amount, which the purchasers of the other portions of the property raid to the mortgagee, was the full and true value of the property which they purchased. The mortgagor may claim to have the mortgaged property sold before a decree can be passed against him under Section 90 of the Transfer of Properly Act.

2. For these reasons I think that the view taken by the Courts below is correct; and the appeal must be dismissed with costs.

Geidt, J.

3. I agree.


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