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Kali Krishna Tagore Vs. Fuzle Ali Chowdhry and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectTenancy
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1883)ILR9Cal843
AppellantKali Krishna Tagore
RespondentFuzle Ali Chowdhry and ors.
Cases ReferredDavenport v. The Queen L.R.
Excerpt:
landlord and tenant - forfeiture--waiver by acceptance of rent. - .....leased in 1859. it then provided for failure on the lessees' part to execute a kabuliat for the excess lands in the following terms:if at the fixed time stated above, we do not take an amin and cause measurement to be made, you will appoint an amin and cause the entire land of the said chur to be measured, and no objection on the ground of our recording or not our presence on such measurement chita shall be entertained, and we will duly file a separate dowl kabuliat for the excess land that will be found after deducting the settled land of the dowl executed by us from the land stated therein. if we do not, we will be deprived of our right of obtaining a settlement of such excess land as well as of the land which will accrete in future to the said chur; and no objection thereto on our.....
Judgment:

Cunningham, J.

1. In the suit out of which these appeals arise it is admitted that the plaintiff's father leased to the defendants on 30th Cheyt 1265 (12th April 1859) 4 deores 10 1/2 kanis of culturable land at an annual rent of Rs. 335-4.

2. The lease provided that every fourth year a measurement should be made, either by the lessor or by the lessees, and additional rent paid for accretions to the land leased in 1859. It then provided for failure on the lessees' part to execute a kabuliat for the excess lands in the following terms:

If at the fixed time stated above, we do not take an amin and cause measurement to be made, you will appoint an amin and cause the entire land of the said chur to be measured, and no objection on the ground of our recording or not our presence on such measurement chita shall be entertained, and we will duly file a separate dowl kabuliat for the excess land that will be found after deducting the settled land of the dowl executed by us from the land stated therein. If we do not, we will be deprived of our right of obtaining a settlement of such excess land as well as of the land which will accrete in future to the said chur; and no objection thereto on our part shall be entertained.

3. It is alleged in this suit that the plaintiff caused a measurement to be made in 1282 (1875-76), which resulted in a notice dated 31st December 1876, calling on defendants to execute a kabuliat for rent of 9 deores 10 kanis 6 1/2 gundas of excess lands, and the plaintiffs called on the Court to enforce the forfeiture entailed by defendant's failure to execute the kabuliat by ejecting the defendants, or assessing rent on the excess lands.

4. The defendants denied the fact of measurement, and notice to execute a kabuliat, and in the 9th paragraph of their written statement pleaded that plaintiff had waived his right to enforce the forfeiture by subsequent receipt of rent.

5. The lower Court has found that the plaintiff measured the land and gave notice to the defendants as alleged, and that there was an excess by accretion of 8 deores 12 kanis and 3 gundas of land. It also found that plaintiff had not waived the right to enforce the forfeiture by subsequent receipt of rent.

6. But the lower Court, considering that the plaintiff having claimed relief in an alternative form, had really left it to the Court to do substantial equity, decided that the plaintiff should take the rent which it assessed, and should not get possession.

7. Both sides appeal-plaintiffs in suit No. 228 urging that they are entitled to possession, and that they have not forfeited or waived their right; the defendants in No. 243 questioned the findings of the lower Court, and urged that the decree assessing rent was bad.

8. Vakils were heard on both sides, and in the end they left it to the Court to decide whether the plaintiffs were entitled to insist on khas possession. The plaintiff's vakil referred the Court to a decision of another Bench in appeal from original decree No. 276 of 1871. That was a case between the plaintiff and other parties, It was founded upon a kabuliat identical in terms as to measurement and forfeiture with the kabuliat in this case, and we find that in that case the prayer was for khas possession only, and there was no plea of waiver by receipt of rent. We do not think, therefore, that we are in any way bound to consider that decision, which is under appeal to Her Majesty in Council.

9. After careful consideration of the case we think that we ought to affirm the decision of the lower Court, and dismiss the plaintiff's appeal on the ground that by receipt of rent in the years 1275, 1276, 1277, 1281, 1282, 1283, 1284, and 1286, for excess lands the plaintiff waived his right to insist on re-entry on defendants' failure to measure the lands, or execute a kabuliat when called on to do so in Pous 1283.

10. It appears that in each of these years the defendants made an undisputed payment of Rs. 150, which was accepted as rent, but was kept in suspense subject to payment by the defendants of the 'remaining amounts.' We are decidedly of opinion that such a qualification did not make these payments anything else than payments of rent, and we think that we may be guided on the effect of these payments by the opinion of the Judicial Committee in Davenport v. The Queen L.R. 3 App. Cas. 115 to which the defendants' vakil referred us. Their Lordships there remark at pages 131-132: 'Where money is paid and received as rent under a lease, a mere protest that it is accepted conditionally and without prejudice to a right to a prior forfeiture cannot countervail the fact of such receipt.' In the present case the plaintiff received rent after the defendants had incurred a forfeiture-not indeed conditionally and without prejudice to the forfeiture, but unconditionally and without prejudice to his claim to a larger amount.

11. The defendants' vakil did not press us with Appeal No. 243. We, therefore, dismiss both these appeals, and under the circumstances direct that both sides bear their own costs in this Court.


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