Skip to content


Chandra Madhab Barua Vs. NobIn Chandra Barua - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectContract;Civil
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1913)ILR40Cal108
AppellantChandra Madhab Barua
RespondentNobIn Chandra Barua
Excerpt:
account, suit for - principal and agent--proprietor appointed by the co-proprietors as common manager for payment of joint debts, whether an agent of the latter and of the heirs of a deceased proprietor--limitation--limitation act (ix of 1908), schedule i, article 89--plea of limitation under the act taken on remand after previous unsuccessful plea of limitation under act viii of 1869, section 30. - .....mehal from 1293 to 1308. the management was conducted by one chandra madhab barua on behalf of nanda kumar barua, his nephew, who was his co-sharer as to the half of the property. the property got involved in debt, and it was agreed that the best way was for the defendant to take charge of it and to pay off the liability until the property was freed from debt. this state of things continued from the year .1293 to 1306. at a certain time in 1.298 the plaintiffs appear to have demanded accounts from chandra madhab of his dealings with the property. this demand was refused; at least it was never complied with. some time after nanda kumar died. the business then came to an end in 1308, and this suit was brought on the 12th september 1904, which is a little less than three years after the.....
Judgment:

Stephen and Richardson, JJ.

1. This appeal arises out of a suit brought by the plaintiffs for accounts relating to the management of a certain forest mehal from 1293 to 1308. The management was conducted by one Chandra Madhab Barua on behalf of Nanda Kumar Barua, his nephew, who was his co-sharer as to the half of the property. The property got involved in debt, and it was agreed that the best way was for the defendant to take charge of it and to pay off the liability until the property was freed from debt. This state of things continued from the year .1293 to 1306. At a certain time in 1.298 the plaintiffs appear to have demanded accounts from Chandra Madhab of his dealings with the property. This demand was refused; at least it was never complied with. Some time after Nanda Kumar died. The business then came to an end in 1308, and this suit was brought on the 12th September 1904, which is a little less than three years after the termination, of the business. The Judge of the Court below has held that the suit is not barred by limitation, and this is the principal point which we have to consider in this case. There is a point also as to res judicata, but there is no substance in it. This case has already been before this Court on a question as to whether the suit was barred under Section 30 of Act VIII of 1869; and the Court held that the limitation provided for by that Act did not apply. It has been suggested that the point of limitation ought to have been taken then or not at all. There is no authority for this proposition, and we find that it is still open to the defendant to take the point of limitation.

2. The first question that arises is under which Article of the Limitation Act the question is to be dealt with. It is suggested on behalf of the defendant that Article 89 is applicable to this case. The plaintiffs contest this view, and say that the relation between the parties in this case is not one of agency. It is difficult to see what else it can be. The defendant was certainly an agent up to the time of the death of Nanda Kumar. After his death we cannot conceive how the defendant remained in possession of the property or how he had any dealings with it except as the agent of the representatives of Nanda Kumar. It is not suggested that he possessed this half of the property in his own right, and if he was not an agent lie must have been a trustee, a position which under the circumstances seems impossible. We, therefore, hold that his agency was continued after the death of Nanda Kumar, after which event the present plaintiffs inherited the rights of Nanda Kumar and became, therefore, his principals. We, therefore, hold that Article 89 applies to this case.

3. The next question is how that Article will apply, and the question arises whether any demand has been made, because if it has not, the commencement of the limitation will be the termination of the agency. As we have said, there is evidence, which we cannot overlook, that a demand was made by Nanda Kumar which met with no attention. Limitation, therefore, will run from the date of the demand by Nanda Kumar so far as the obligations of the defendant were incurred during his life-time. Since his death we learn from the plaint that repeated demands have been made by the plaintiffs. The dates of these repeated demands are not given and not proved. But from the language of the pleading we must suppose that the demands were going on as long as the business was in existence, and, therefore, limitation will run from the termination of the agencj7 business which, as we have said, was a little less than three years before suit. The defendant admits that he is liable to accounts from Bhadra to Magh 1308, and, therefore, accounts for this period must be rendered. As to the rest of the case we hold that the suit is barred. This appeal is, therefore, allowed and the decree of the lower Court is modified in accordance with what we have said. The parties are entitled to proportionate costs.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //