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Dayanath Thakur Vs. Emperor - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1910)ILR37Cal72
AppellantDayanath Thakur
RespondentEmperor
Cases ReferredNabu Sardar v. Emperor
Excerpt:
magistrate, powers of - district magistrate, power of, to cancel bond for keeping the peace or for good behaviour--order directing prosecution for using forged rent-receipts in a proceeding before a subordinate magistrate, for keeping the, peace, and for abetment thereof--judicial proceeding--criminal procedure code (act v of 1898) sections 1(m), 125, 476. - .....the petitioner, dayanath thakur. in the course of these proceedings the petitioner filed certain rent-receipts. the magistrate trying the case passed, orders binding down mohari lal under section 107 of the criminal procedure code. thereupon, mohari lal applied to the district magistrate to have the order set aside, the learned district magistrate treats the matter as one coming under section 125 of the criminal procedure code, and calls it a 'criminal motion.' after going into the merits of the application he came to the conclusion, apparently without hearing dayanath thakur, that the rent-receipts which he had filed were forged, and he concluded these proceedings with the remark that 'the appeal was allowed,' and directed notice to be issued to dayanath thakur to show cause why he.....
Judgment:

Caspersz and Ryves, JJ.

1. This is a Rule calling upon the District Magistrate to show cause why the prosecution of the petitioners should not be cancelled for the reasons stated in the petition.

2. It appears that proceedings were instituted under Section 107 of the Code of Criminal Procedure against one Mohari Lal Marwari at the instance of the petitioner, Dayanath Thakur. In the course of these proceedings the petitioner filed certain rent-receipts. The Magistrate trying the case passed, orders binding down Mohari Lal under Section 107 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Thereupon, Mohari Lal applied to the District Magistrate to have the order set aside, The learned District Magistrate treats the matter as one coming under Section 125 of the Criminal Procedure Code, and calls it a 'Criminal Motion.' After going into the merits of the application he came to the conclusion, apparently without hearing Dayanath Thakur, that the rent-receipts which he had filed were forged, and he concluded these proceedings with the remark that 'the appeal was allowed,' and directed notice to be issued to Dayanath Thakur to show cause why he should not be prosecuted under Section 471 of the Indian Penal Code. It appears to us, as has been laid down in the case of Nabu Sardar v. Emperor (1906) I.L.R. 34 Calc. 1. decided by a Fall Bench, that under Section 125, Criminal Procedure Code, the Magistrate has full power to cancel the bond for reasons which appear to him to be sufficient; but that section does not give him a right to hear an appeal. It is difficult to see, in this case, how it can be held that these rent receipts came before the Magistrate in a 'judicial proceeding.' On this ground alone, we make this Rule absolute and direct that the proceedings be set aside.


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