U.S. Supreme Court La Confiance Compagnie Anonyme D'Assurance v. Hall, 137 U.S. 61 (1890)
La Confiance Compagnie Anonyme D'Assurance v. Hall
Argued and submitted October 21, 1890
Decided November 3, 1890
137 U.S. 61
ERROR TO THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
In a petition for the removal of a cause from a state court on the ground of diverse citizenship, the failure to state the existence of such citizenship at the commencement of the suit as well as when the removal was asked is a fatal defect.
The case is stated in the opinion.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE FULLER delivered the opinion of the Court.
This action was commenced by plaintiff in error in a state court, and removed to the Circuit Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Missouri upon petition of the defendant on the ground that the plaintiff was an alien and citizen of France, and the defendant a citizen of Missouri. The existence of such diverse citizenship at the commencement of the suit, as well as when the removal was asked, did not appear affirmatively in the petition for removal or in the record when that was filed. We are compelled to reverse the judgment, with costs, and remit the cause to the circuit court with a direction to remand to the state court. Stevens v. Nichols, 130 U. S. 230 ; Crehore v. Ohio & Mississippi Railway Co., 131 U. S. 240 ; Jackson v. Allen, 132 U. S. 27 .