1. It appears that the case, out of which this Rule arises, was sent by Babu S.K. Mukerjee, who had taken cognisance of it, to another Deputy Magistrate, Mr. Oakley, for inquiry prior to the issue of processes against the accused. Mr. Oakley made the inquiry, examined witnesses, and came to the conclusion that the case, as presented by the complainant, was false and, therefore, he took proceedings under Section 476 of the Criminal Procedure Code, and committed the complainant for trial under Section 211 of the Indian Penal Code.
2. The present Rule was obtained on the District Magistrate to show cause, why the proceedings drawn by Mr. Oakley, under Section 476 of the Criminal Procedure Code, should not be set aside on the ground that, after the case had been transferred to Mr. Oakley by the Deputy Magistrate, Babu S.K. Mukerjee, for inquiry and report only, Mr. Oakley had no jurisdiction to pass an order under Section 476 of the Criminal Procedure Code, until the original complaint was disposed of.
3. Whether the case was sent to Mr. Oakley by Babu S.K. Mukerjee under the provisions of Section 192, or under Section 202 of the Criminal Procedure Code, it is clear that Mr. Oakley, in carrying out the order received with that order of transfer examined witnesses and recorded evidence on oath. In our opinion, the proceedings conducted by Mr. Oakley, who is a Magistrate, fall within the description given in Section 4, Clause (m) of the Criminal Procedure Code, of judicial proceedings. That being so, we must hold that, under the provisions of Section 476 of the Criminal Procedure Code, Mr. Oakley had power to take proceedings under that section against the complainant for any offence, referred to in Section 195 of the Criminal Procedure Code, committed before him or brought to his notice in the course of those proceedings, and to commit the accused for trial for having committed that offence.
4. We must, therefore, discharge the Rule.