U.S. Supreme Court Bunt v. Sierra Butte Gold Mining Co., 138 U.S. 483 (1891)
Bunt v. Sierra Butte Gold Mining Company
Argued and submitted January 28, 1891
Decided March 2, 1891
138 U.S. 483
ERROR TO THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
The owners of a mine are not liable to an action for the falling of the roof of a tunnel upon a miner who, knowing that the roof is shattered and dangerous, voluntarily assists in removing a supporting timber, and, before another has been put in its place, sits down to rest at that spot.
The case is stated in the opinion.
MR. JUSTICE GRAY delivered the opinion of the Court.
This was an action brought against a corporation of Great Britain by the widow and daughter of William J. Bunt, Citizens of California, to recover damages, under § 377 of the California Civil Code for his death by the defendant's negligence while a workman in its mine. The answer alleged, among other things, that his death was caused by his own negligence, and not by any negligence on the part of the defendant.
At the trial, the only witnesses called by the plaintiffs (except in proof of their relationship to the deceased, and of his death) were the superintendent of the mine and a fellow workman of the deceased, whose testimony tended to prove the following facts: while Bunt and three others, all four experienced miners, were in a tunnel in the rock of the defendant's mine, 3,500 feet from its mouth, the superintendent came in, and discovered, by looking at the roof of the tunnel and by sounding it with a pick, that it had been shattered by blasting further in, and told the men to prop it up with timbers from that point to the end. There was already a post of timber at that point, which had been put there only to hold the "spiling." or pieces of wood extending along the sides of the tunnel to keep back the "gouge or selvage of the vein clay and slimy stuff." The superintendent told the men that they had better put a post by the side of this one, but on one of the men's suggesting that this should be taken out and another put in its place, left it optional with them to do so or not, saying: "If you think proper, you can take out that post. But be careful of the roof. Don't let it fall down on you. And be careful of the spiling." Bunt and the other workmen decided that it would be safe to take out the post and did so, intending to go outside to get other timber. After the
removal of the post, Bunt sat down to rest under the shattered roof, and part of the rock fell upon and mortally injured him. At the close of the plaintiff's evidence, the defendant moved the court to direct a verdict for the defendant because the evidence would not warrant a verdict for the plaintiffs. The circuit court granted the motion, and the plaintiffs excepted to the direction and sued out this writ of error.
The reasons stated in the opinion of the court below, reported in 24 F. 847, are conclusive. Bunt participated in taking out the post with full knowledge of the danger, and after the post had been removed, and before another had been put in its place, sat down under the shattered roof. Recklessness could hardly go further. The evidence would warrant no other conclusion than that he took the risks of the work in which he was employed, and that his negligence in the course of that work was the direct cause of his death.
The court therefore rightly directed a verdict for the defendant. Randall v. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 109 U. S. 478 ; Schofield v. Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, 114 U. S. 615 ; Gunther v. Liverpool &c.; Ins. Co., 134 U. S. 110 . The suggestion that because the only witnesses of the accident, and whom the plaintiffs were therefore compelled to call, were in the defendant's employ, and might be prejudiced in its favor, the question how far they were so biased should have been submitted to the jury is of no weight. Theirs being the only testimony on the point, disbelief of their testimony could not supply a want of proof.