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Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. Flender Macneill Gears Ltd. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtKolkata High Court
Decided On
Case NumberIncome-tax Reference No. 177 of 1978
Judge
Reported in(1984)41CTR(Cal)60,[1984]150ITR83(Cal)
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1961 - Section 80I
AppellantCommissioner of Income-tax
RespondentFlender Macneill Gears Ltd.
Excerpt:
- .....amount equal to eight per cent. of the profits and gains 'attributable to' a priority industy. the assessee-company granted sole distributorship of its product? to m/s. macneill & berry ltd. one of the terms of the agreement was th; the distributor shall be allowed 121/2% discount on all net sales but bills should be settled within 60 days. in the event of delay, the assessee-company was entitled to charge interest from the distributor. during the assessment year 1972-73, an amount of rs. 1,10,000 accrued as interest to the assessee-company from the distributor under the aforesaid clause. the ito held that this amount of rs. 1,10,000 was not the assessee's business income but was income from other sources. accordingly, relief under section 80-i was disallowed.2. the aac, however, upheld.....
Judgment:

Satish Chandra, C.J.

1. This reference relates to the assessment year 1972-73. The assessee-company manufactures gears. It is not disputed that it is a priority industry and is entitled to relief under Section 80-I of the I.T. Act. Under this section it is entitled to deduction of an amount equal to eight per cent. of the profits and gains 'attributable to' a priority industy. The assessee-company granted sole distributorship of its product? to M/s. Macneill & Berry Ltd. One of the terms of the agreement was th; the distributor shall be allowed 121/2% discount on all net sales but bills should be settled within 60 days. In the event of delay, the assessee-company was entitled to charge interest from the distributor. During the assessment year 1972-73, an amount of Rs. 1,10,000 accrued as interest to the assessee-company from the distributor under the aforesaid clause. The ITO held that this amount of Rs. 1,10,000 was not the assessee's business income but was income from other sources. Accordingly, relief under Section 80-I was disallowed.

2. The AAC, however, upheld the assessee's claim for relief. The viewof the AAC was also upheld by the Tribunal. At the instance of theRevenue, the Tribunal has referred the following question of law forour opinion:

'Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was correct in holding that the interest of Rs. 1,10,000 receive from M/s. Macneill & Berry Ltd., 'in pursuance of the distributors(sic) agreement entered into by the assessee with the said company for the sale of goods manufactured by the assessee amounted to profits and gains attributable to priority industry within the meaning of Section 80-I of the I.T. Act, 1961, and in that view holding that relief under the said section was available in respect of such interest ?'

The substance of the matter is whether the amount of interest earned by the assessee-company under the aforesaid agreement with its distributor was profits and gains attributable to the priority industry, in other words, whether that was part of the business income.

3. From, a perusal of Clause 13 of the agreement it is apparent that the interest was payable for delayed payment of the bills. If the bills of the assessee-company were paid within 60 days, no amount was payable as interest on the amount of the bills. The interest was hence chargeable to facilitate prompt payment of its bills.

4. The agreement shows that the assessee-company was entitled to charge interest at the prevailing rate of interest chargeable on its overdraft account by its bankers. It was also provided that under certain conditions, the payment of interest may be relaxed by mutual consent. These provisions in the agreement indicate that the amount of interest was relatable directly to the earning of profits and gains by the assessee-company. It was hence 'attributable to' the earning of profits and gains of the business of the assessee-company which is admittedly a priority industry. In our opinion, the Tribunal was right in taking the view that the assessee-company was entitled to relief under Section 80-I.

5. Learned counsel for the Revenue invited our attention to the case of CIT v. Universal Radiators Private Ltd. : [1981]128ITR531(Mad) . There the question was whether the income earned by the assessee from fixed deposit was part of the business income and the submission was negatived and, in our opinion, quite rightly. That is a case of application of income already earned by the assessee and it is not on a question of accrual of income. The case is clearly distinguishable. The case of Indian Aluminium Co. Ltd. v. CIT : [1980]122ITR660(Cal) , relied on by the learned counsel for the Revenue, is also on the same footing and is, therefore, distinguishable.

6. We, therefore, answer the question referred to us in the affirmative, in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue. Parties will pay and bear their own costs.

Suhas Chandra Sen, J.

7. I agree.


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