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Bhairab Chandra Dutta and ors. Vs. Kali Kumar Dutta and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1923Cal606,71Ind.Cas.453
AppellantBhairab Chandra Dutta and ors.
RespondentKali Kumar Dutta and ors.
Cases Referred and Nundo Lal v. Punchanon
Excerpt:
civil procedure code (act v of 1908), sections 96, 100, 151, order xli, rule 23, 27, order xliii, rule 1 - suit, dismissal of--fresh evidence--order for retrial by appellate court--inherent power--order, if appealable. - .....long after the decree of dismissal had been made by the trial court on the 10th august 1918. the district judge came to the conclusion that before the matters in difference were finally decided, the entry in the record of rights should be taken into account. in this view he allowed the appeal, set aside the decree of the court of first instance and directed a re-trial of the suit with reference to the entry in the records of rights and such other evidence as might be adduced by both the litigants. against this order for re-trial, the defendants have preferred this appeal.2. on behalf of the plaintiffs, a preliminary objection has been taken that the appeal is incompetent, because the order was not, and could not have been made under order xli, rule 23, code of civil procedure. we are.....
Judgment:

1. This is an appeal by the defendants in a suit for partition against an order for re-trial of the matters in controversy. The defendants resisted the claim of the plaintiffs in the primary Court on the allegation that the land had been previously partitioned by metes and bounds and that they and their predecessors had been in separate possession for more than a century. The Subordinate Judge held in favour of the defendants and dismissed the suit. Upon appeal the plaintiffs asked for permission to adduce in evidence an entry in the Record of Rights which had been finally published on the 5th August 1919, long after the decree of dismissal had been made by the Trial Court on the 10th August 1918. The District Judge came to the conclusion that before the matters in difference were finally decided, the entry in the Record of Rights should be taken into account. In this view he allowed the appeal, set aside the decree of the Court of first instance and directed a re-trial of the suit with reference to the entry in the Records of Rights and such other evidence as might be adduced by both the litigants. Against this order for re-trial, the defendants have preferred this appeal.

2. On behalf of the plaintiffs, a preliminary objection has been taken that the appeal is incompetent, because the order was not, and could not have been made under Order XLI, Rule 23, Code of Civil Procedure. We are of opinion that there is no force in this contention. The order does not purport to have been made under Order XII, Rule 23 It has been made in the exercise of inherent power of the Court, as explained by the Full Bench in Abdul Karim Abu Ahmed, Khan Ghaznavi v. Allahabad Bank Limited 41 Ind. Cas. 598 : 44 C. 929 : 26 C.L.J. 49 : 21 C.W.N. 877. The order so made is a decree which reverses the decree of the Court of first instance and deprives the defendants of the valuable right they had acquired thereunder. The appeal is, consequently, competent, not as an. appeal from order under Order XIIII, Rule 1, Sub-rule (u), but as an appeal from a decree under Section 96 of the Code read with Section 100. Indeed, the appellants have described this appeal, not as an appeal from an order, but as an appeal from a decree. The preliminary objection cannot be sustained and must be overruled.

3. The appellants have assailed the order of the District Judge on the ground that additional evidence should not have been allowed to be adduced in contravention of the principle recognised in Order XLI, Rule 27 of the Code, as explained in Kessowji v. G.I.P. Railway Co. 31 B. 381 at p. 390 : 34 I.A. 115 : 9 Bom. L.R. 671 : 11 C.W.N. 721 : 6 C.L.J. 5 : 4 A.L.J. 461 : 17 M.L.J. 347 : 2 M.L.T. 435 (P.C.). We are of opinion that the District Judge has not disregarded the principle enunciated in Order XLI, Rule 27. That rule authorises the Court to afford opportunity to a party litigant to adduce additional evidence if the Appellate Court requires a document to be produced or a witness to be examined to enable it to pronounce judgment or for any other substantial cause. In the case before us, there is such a substantial cause. The Record of Rights proceedings were in progress during the pendency of the trial in the Court of first instance, but the order for final publication had not then been made. It was consequently impossible for the plaintiffs to produce the decision of the Revenue Authorities. The order for final publication was made during the pendency of the appeal in the Court of the District Judge. At this stage alone, it became possible for the plaintiffs to bring before the Court the decision of the Revenue Authorities. The appellants have, however, contended that in view of the decisions of this Court in Kumar Sarat Kumar Roy v. Sripati Chatterjee 50 Ind. Cas. 119 : 23 C.W.N. 242 and Baid Nath Sahay v. Nanjivi Mahton 29 Ind. Cas. 219 the decision of the Revenue Authorities should not be used in evidence. These decisions are. clearly distinguishable, as the subsequent judgment which the Court was called upon to receive in evidence was not a judgment inter partes. In the case before us, the order of the Settlement Authorities has been pronounced in proceedings which are inter partes. It is, no doubt, not conclusive, but a presumption attaches to the order finally published, under the Bengal Tenancy Act. Consequently, the decisions in Young v. Kershaw (1899) L.T. 531 : T.L.R. 52 and Nundo Lal v. Punchanon 42 Ind. Cas. 484 : 45 C. 60 : 60 C.W.N. 1076 26 C.L.J. 187, which disapprove of the reception of additional evidence in proceedings in review, cannot be applied to the circumstances of this case. The course adopted by the District Judge is, in our opinion, eminently reasonable, and is well-calculated to avoid that ultimate conflict between the decision of the Civil Court and the decision of the Revenue Authorities which would inevitably., arise if this suit were decided without reference, to their proceedings.

4. The result is that the decree of the District Judge is affirmed and this appeal dismissed with costs.


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