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Nani Gopal Mukherjee Vs. Srish Chandra Nandy and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectTenancy
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Reported inAIR1939Cal600
AppellantNani Gopal Mukherjee
RespondentSrish Chandra Nandy and ors.
Excerpt:
- .....objection as to the execution of the decree. it appears that the opposite party landlord brought a rent suit, no. 1022 of 1930, in the court of the munsif at ranaghat and impleading the petitioner as one of the defendants tenants. a decree was obtained add in execution thereof, opposite party no. 1 purchased the suit lands on 8th march 1934, the sale being confirmed on 24th april 1934. before that date, opposite party no. 1 brought another rent suit against the same persons, being bent suit no. 790 of 1934 for the recovery of arrears of rent for the period 1337 to 1340. a decree was obtained on 26th july 1934. on 29th november 1937 this decree was transferred for execution to the district judge of the 24-perganas who again transferred it to the court of small causes at sealdah. the.....
Judgment:

S.K. Ghose, J.

1. This rule is directed against an order of the learned Small Cause Court Judge at Sealdah overruling the petitioners' objection as to the execution of the decree. It appears that the opposite party landlord brought a rent suit, No. 1022 of 1930, in the Court of the Munsif at Ranaghat and impleading the petitioner as one of the defendants tenants. A decree was obtained add in execution thereof, opposite party No. 1 purchased the suit lands on 8th March 1934, the sale being confirmed on 24th April 1934. Before that date, opposite party No. 1 brought another rent suit against the same persons, being Bent Suit No. 790 of 1934 for the recovery of arrears of rent for the period 1337 to 1340. A decree was obtained on 26th July 1934. On 29th November 1937 this decree was transferred for execution to the District Judge of the 24-Perganas who again transferred it to the Court of Small Causes at Sealdah. The latter Court directed attachment of the moveable properties of the petitioner. The petitioner thereupon filed an objection which was however overruled by the Small Cause Court by his order dated 11th June 1938. Against that order the present rule has been obtained. It appears from the order complained against that the only point which was pressed in the lower Court was that the execution case is barred by the special law of limitation under Article 6, Part 3, Schedule (iii), Ben. Ten. Act. The learned Judge held that the decree obtained is not a rent decree but a money decree and so the execution case is not barred by limitation. It is contended in this Court? that at least the ordinary law of limitation should apply. But we are not satisfied front any evidence on the record that the present? application for execution was filed more than three years after the previous application. The point does not appear to have been pressed in the lower Court and the question of fact was not investigated. Then, as to the special law of limitation under the Bengal Tenancy Act, it is conceded by the learned advocate for the petitioner that the present decree is not executable under Section 65, Ben. Ten. Act, there being no relationship of landlord and tenant between? the parties at the time of the decree. That? being so, the petitioner is not entitled to plead limitation as specially provided for in the Bengal Tenancy Act.

2. It is however strongly contended that the decree was a decree for rent and the suit would come under Clause 8, Schedule 2, Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, as a suit which is excepted from the cognizance of Court of Small Causes. This point again does not appear to have been pressed in the lower Court. Clause 8 aforesaid is subject to an exception where the Judge of the Court of Small Causes has been expressly invested with the authority of exercising juris, diction with respect to suits for the recovery of rent. Here, again, there is a question of fact which might well have been raised; and decided in the lower Court, but it was-not so investigated. The learned advocate for the opposite party said that there was no reason to suppose that the learned Judge? in the Court below was so invested. But conceding that the suit comes under the exception, what we have got here is a decree which has already been passed and: is sought to be executed. Dr. Basak has contended that Section 7, Civil P.C., read with Section 39 of the same Code does not prohibit an ordinary Civil Court from transferring: a decree to a Court of Small Causes for execution and once such decree has been so transferred, the Small Cause Court would, under Section 42 be entitled to deal with it. That a decree made in a suit which is excepted from the cognizance of a Court of Small Causes may be transferred to a Court of Small Causes for execution is contemplated by the fact that there are separate-clauses, Sub-clauses (i) and (ii) in Clause (a), Section 7, Civil P.C. Moreover, Section 34, Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, specifically lays down a procedure to be observed in the case of transfer of decrees as between a Court of Small Causes and a Court of ordinary jurisdiction. From this point of view, it may be said that the Court of Small Causes was within its jurisdiction in proceeding to execute a decree which had been transferred to it by a Court of competent civil jurisdiction. The learned advocate for the petitioner has contended that the decree cannot be executed by the landlord, because the relationship of landlord and tenant did not subsist at the time of the decree. It is not, however, open to him to take up this position, having regard to the fact that the decree was transferred to the executing Court. In these circumstances the petitioner has not been able to satisfy us that there is a case for revision. The rule accordingly is discharged with costs, three gold mohurs.

Lodge, J.

3. I agree.


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