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Peninsular Motor Corporation Ltd. Vs. the State of West Bengal - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtKolkata High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Revn. No. 576 of 1950
Judge
Reported inAIR1952Cal220
ActsCalcutta Municipal Act, 1923 - Sections 386(1), 488 and 501
AppellantPeninsular Motor Corporation Ltd.
RespondentThe State of West Bengal
Appellant AdvocateM.M. Sen and ;Prasanta Kumar Ghose, Advs.
Respondent AdvocateBireswar Chatterjee, Adv.
Cases ReferredAtul Chandra v. Corporation of Calcutta
Excerpt:
- .....the corporation shall be sufficient evidence of the existence of such opinion.3. in the present case it is evident that the opinion of the corporation as such was not taken on the matter at all. at present it is true the functions of the corporation are being carried on by an administrator under the calcutta corporation temporary super session act, but in any case it is clear that the very foundation of the requirement of a license has not been shown in this case.4. the result is that conviction and the sentence of fine imposed in this case must be set aside and the fine, if paid, will be refunded.
Judgment:
ORDER

Roxburgh, J.

1. This is a Rule against an order of conviction under Section 386 (1) (b) read with Section 488 of the Calcutta Municipal Act. The petitioner is a company carrying on a business of motor repairs which evidently in the opinion of the Corporation officials creates noise and is a nuisance to the neighbourhood. The attention of the firm was drawn to the matter by a letter on the 2nd August, 1948. The firm was given a license under Section 385 of the Calcutta Municipal Act and told that a license under Section 386 would also be necessary. Finally, on a report by the Sanitary Officer, dated the 27th December, 1948, the Chief Executive Officer passed an order on the 11th January, 1949, stating: that the business was creating a nuisance unless certain conditions on the back of the order were complied with and a license was refused. Accordingly, the present case was started.

2. The main point urged on behalf of the accused company is that under Section 386 (1) (b) the opinion of the Corporation that the purpose of the business is likely to create a nuisance is necessary as a foundation for the requirement of a license. The trial Court has referred to a decision by Henderson, J. in the case of 'Atul Chandra v. Corporation of Calcutta', ILR (1941) 2 Cal 308, in which he said with reference to the same section that for the purpose of this provision the Corporation means the Chief Executive Officer. But Mr. Sen, appearing on behalf of the petitioner, points out the clear provisions of Section 501 of the Act, which show that where under the Act it is necessary to prove the opinion of the Corporation, then a written document signed by the Secretary of the Corporation shall be sufficient evidence of the existence of such opinion.

3. In the present case it is evident that the opinion of the Corporation as such was not taken on the matter at all. At present it is true the functions of the Corporation are being carried on by an Administrator under the Calcutta Corporation Temporary Super session Act, but in any case it is clear that the very foundation of the requirement of a license has not been shown in this case.

4. The result is that conviction and the sentence of fine imposed in this case must be set aside and the fine, if paid, will be refunded.


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