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Suresh Chandra Ghose Alias Barka Vs. Emperor - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in74Ind.Cas.261
AppellantSuresh Chandra Ghose Alias Barka
RespondentEmperor
Excerpt:
criminal procedure code (act v of 1898), section 172 - calcutta suburban police act (iii of 1888), section 47(a)--evidence act (i of 1872), section 145--police diary of case in suburban area, whether privileged--right of accused to inspect diary. - .....purpose, apparently, of contradicting the witnesses for the prosecution, questioned the witness (police officer) with regard to certain statement made to him by the witnesses and on his stating he did not recollect asked him to refer to his diary to refresh his memory. the witness refused to do so on the ground that it was a special diary and had been recorded under section 172. upon this the defence filed a petition asking the court, in the interests of justice, to send for the diary of panchanon mukherji and to look at it and allow the defence pleader to inspect the said diary on certain points which had been raised by the petitioner. the magistrate made an order on the petition rejecting it on the ground that the petitioner was not, under the law, entitled to inspect the diary as it.....
Judgment:

Ciming, J.

1. The facts of this case are as follows. The petitioner, Suresh Chandra Ghose, was on his trial on charges under sections 324 and 326. In the course of the tri al an investigating Police Officer was examined as a witness. The accused, for the purpose, apparently, of contradicting the witnesses for the prosecution, questioned the witness (Police Officer) with regard to certain statement made to him by the witnesses and on his stating he did not recollect asked him to refer to his diary to refresh his memory. The witness refused to do so on the ground that it was a special diary and had been recorded under Section 172. Upon this the defence filed a petition asking the Court, in the interests of justice, to send for the diary of Panchanon Mukherji and to look at it and allow the defence Pleader to inspect the said diary on certain points which had been raised by the petitioner. The Magistrate made an order on the petition rejecting it on the ground that the petitioner was not, under the law, entitled to inspect the diary as it was a diary prepared under Section 172 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Mr. Mukherji, who appeared for the petitioner, has contended that the diary in question comes neither under Section 162 nor under Section 172 of the Code of Criminal Procedure as it was not made under that Code. The diary, he contends, and this point has not been disputed by Mr. Orr who appeared for Crown, was prepared under Section 47(A) of the Calcutta Suburban Police Act (III of 1888)--the offence in question having been committed in Bhowanipur which falls within the area covered by the Suburban Police Act and that the diary in question being prepared under Section 47(A) of the Suburban Police Act there is no question that a privilege attaches to it, that Section 172 has no application and that, therefore, the accused person would be entitled to rise those statements, recorded by the Police Officer, of witnesses who have been examined in the case, to contradict those witnesses who had given evidence before the Magistrate under Section 145 of the Evidence Act. Mr. Orr contened that if the accused person desired to use the document to contradict the witnesses; he should have proceeded under Section 94, Civil Procedure Code, and that he should have asked for a summons on the Police to produce the necessary document. No doubt that would have been a correct procedure but it is quite possible that the accused or his Counsel was misled by the procedure which is usually adopted in the matter of dealing with diaries of Police Officer under the Criminal Procedure Code. I think that the accused is entitled to see the statements of the witnesses recorded by the Investigating Police Officer who have been examined in Court and to use them to contradict the statements made by these witnesses under the provisions of Section 145 of the Evidence Act. The finding and sentence must be set aside and the case be sent back to the learned Police Magistrate to pass orders after allowing the accused an opportunity of cross-examining and contradicting the statements of those witnesses by their statements made to the Police. The trial will be resumed from that point and the Magistrate will pass orders after allowing the accused this opportunity.

2. Pending the disposal of the case the accused will remain on the same bail as he is on now. The judgment in appeal is also necessarily set aside.

Ghose, J.

3. I agree.


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