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inder Rai and ors. Vs. Emperor - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in5Ind.Cas.408
Appellantinder Rai and ors.
RespondentEmperor
Excerpt:
criminal procedure code (act v of 1898), section 256 - cross-examination after charge--waiver. - .....at the time of framing the charge whether they would call any of the prosecution witnesses for cross-examination but they could not at that instant make any answer to his question. they did, however, subsequently apply for recalling some of the witnesses for the prosecution for the purposes of cross-examination, but the magistrate thought that since the defence was conducted by two muklitears who had cross-examined the prosecution witnesses before the charge, it was not necessary to give them a further chance of cross-examination and * that the petitioners had waived their right by not answering when called upon. this is, however, against both the wording and spirit of the law. section 256, criminal procedure code, only says that the accused shall be required to state whether he.....
Judgment:

1. We think that this rule ought to be made absolute. The Magistrate says that the petitioners were asked at the time of framing the charge whether they would call any of the prosecution witnesses for cross-examination but they could not at that instant make any answer to his question. They did, however, subsequently apply for recalling some of the witnesses for the prosecution for the purposes of cross-examination, but the Magistrate thought that since the defence was conducted by two muklitears who had cross-examined the prosecution witnesses before the charge, it was not necessary to give them a further chance of cross-examination and * that the petitioners had waived their right by not answering when called upon. This is, however, against both the wording and spirit of the law. Section 256, Criminal Procedure Code, only says that the accused shall be required to state whether he wishes to cross-examine and, if so, which of the witnesses whose evidence has been taken. It does not say at what particular time he is to be asked this question and up to what time he has this right. In this case an application had been made before the case had closed and we think that the petitioners were entitled to have their prayer granted.

2. The conviction, therefore, must be set aside. Under the circumstances, as all the petitioners except one have served out their sentence and the other almost the whole sentences, there need not be any retrial. The order tinder Section 106 is also set aside.


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