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Ambika Debi Add ors. Vs. Swarnamayidasi and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1922Cal135,68Ind.Cas.425
AppellantAmbika Debi Add ors.
RespondentSwarnamayidasi and anr.
Cases ReferredMonohar Lal v. Ananta Moyre
Excerpt:
landlord and tenant - partial transfers--occupancy holding, nontransferable--usufructuary mortgage by tenant--no abandonment--landlord, if entitled to reenter--execution of usufructuary mortgage--abandonment. - .....judge of midnapore modifying a decision of the 4th munsif at tamluk. the plaintiff is the suit was a usufructuary mortgagee. the mortgage was executed in his favour by defendant no. 7. the appellant, defendant no. 6, is the landlord and the first defendant is a new tenant with wham defendant no. 6 ourports to have settled the lands. the holding, which is as non-transferable occupancy holding, was sold for nonpayment of rent and was purchased by defendant no. 6, the landlord. the lower appellate court has passed a decree for possession of the land in suit in favour of the mortgagee, the plaintiff, on condition of his paying to the landlord, the appellant, defendant no. 6, a cam of rs. 45, the amount of fie arrears of rent for which the holding was brought to sale.2. two points.....
Judgment:

1. This is an appeal by the defendants Nos. 1 and 5 against a decision of the subordinate Judge of Midnapore modifying a decision of the 4th Munsif at Tamluk. The plaintiff is the suit was a usufructuary mortgagee. The mortgage was executed in his favour by defendant No. 7. The appellant, defendant No. 6, is the landlord and the first defendant is a new tenant with wham defendant No. 6 ourports to have settled the lands. The holding, which is as non-transferable occupancy holding, was sold for nonpayment of rent and was purchased by defendant No. 6, the landlord. The lower Appellate Court has passed a decree for possession of the land in suit in favour of the mortgagee, the plaintiff, on condition of his paying to the landlord, the appellant, defendant No. 6, a cam of Rs. 45, the amount of fie arrears of rent for which the holding was brought to sale.

2. Two points have bean urged before us in this appeal. First, it is said, that the plaintiff cannot maintain she suit inasmuch as the execution of the usufructuary mortgage by defendant No. 7 gave the landlord a right to obtain possession of the holding, and it is said that, by virtue of the mortgage, the plaintiff acquired no rights in the land. Secondly, it is said that there was no prayer for redemption in the original plaint. So far as the fuss point is concerned, whit has been argued before us is that the more execution of the usufructuary mortgage by the teunant followed by possession of the mortgagee, even without any definite evidence that, the tenant ban abandoned the building, is sufficient of, itself to entitle the landlord to possession, and in support of this contention we were referred to several eases, the one which bears the most upon the point being the case of Krishna Chandra Dutta v. Khiran Bajania (4) where it is held that by treating a usufructuary mortgage an occupancy raiyat net authorised to transfer his holding make? himself liable to ejectment by the landlord.

3. As against this on behalf of the respondents it is stated that that decision mast be taken to have been impliedly overruled by the decision in the case of Dayamoyi v. Ananda Mohan Boy (7), for it is said that where a transfer is not by way of sale, the landlord, though betas rot contented, not ordinarily entitled to recover possession of the holding unless there has been an abandonment. So far as the abandonment id concerned, there is an express finding in the judgment of the lower Court that there was no abandonment of the holding by defendant No. 7 : consequently, it reams tons that the argument advocated before us on behalf of the respondent is well-founded said that the mere execution of a usufructuary mortgage followed by possession does not entitle the landlord to re-enter on the holding or recover possession. Reference may be made in support of the conclusion at which we have arrived to the case of Bhujendra Noth boss v. Bansi Tanti (1) which in a decision that a transfer by way of usufructuary mortgage awards on the same fcoting as ether partial transfers; and in the ease of Monohar Lal v. Ananta Moyre 20 Ind. Cas 198 : 17 C. W. N. 802, it is said (at page 806 Page of C. W. N.-[Ed.]) that the mere execution of a usufructuary mortgage might not of itself be Sufficient to establish abandonment. So far as the second question is concerned it seems to us that the suit was adequately framed for the purposes of the decree which was obtained.

4. In the result the appeal fails and must be dismissed with costs.

5. The cross of objections are not pressed. They are dismlised bat wit out costs.


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