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His Highness Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya Bahadur Vs. JahiruddIn and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in94Ind.Cas.26
AppellantHis Highness Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya Bahadur
RespondentJahiruddIn and ors.
Cases ReferredRamrutno Sircar v. Chunder Mookhee Debea
Excerpt:
bengal tenancy act (viii of 1883), section 50 - presumption, of fixity of tenure--kabuliyat for term, effect of--record of rights, if rebutted. - .....that the entry in the record of rights is in favour of the defendants for in that document the tenancy is said to be mokarrari. but this presumption, we think, has been rebutted by the kabuliyat to? which we have referred. we, think, therefore, that the courts below were wrong in holding that the kabuliyat of 1878 was merely a confirmatory document and being as it is for a term we think that it rebuts the presumption of the existence of a tenancy at a fixed rate from the time of the permanent settlement.2. in the result, we set aside the decree of the special judge of the 24th march 1922 and send back the case to the assistant settlement officer in order that a fair and equitable rent may be fixed for the holdings in suit.3. as the respondents did not appear, we make no order as to.....
Judgment:

Ewart Greaves, J.

1. In this appeal the plaintiff is the appellant. The suit was brought for settlement of fair and equitable rent under Section 105 of the Bengal Tenancy Act. The defendants resisted the enhancement on the plea that their holding was a mokarrari holding and that they are entitled to the presumption raised by Section 50 of the Bengal Tenancy Act. The appellant contends that the defendants are not entitled to any such presumption having regard to the existence of a kabuliyat in respect of the land in suit dated in the year 1878. This document creates in favour of the defendants' predecessors-in-interest a lease for a term of 6 years in respect of jote and basat therein described. Both the Courts below have held that this document was merely confirmatory of an existing tenancy and, therefore, the presumption under Section 50 is not thereby displaced. We think, however, that this is not correct. As has been pointed out 'in the case of Ramrutno Sircar v. Chunder Mookhee Debea 2 W.R. Act. X Rul. 74 where you have a temporary' kabuliyat for a term of years the presumption of a fixed tenure from the time of the Permanent Settlement goes. The dowl-kabuliyat before us creates in favour of the defendants' predecessors a term of 6 years. We think, therefore, that this is inconsistent with the existence of a tenancy at a fixed rate from the time of the Permanent Settlement. It is true that the entry in the Record of Rights is in favour of the defendants for in that document the tenancy is said to be mokarrari. But this presumption, we think, has been rebutted by the kabuliyat to? which we have referred. We, think, therefore, that the Courts below were wrong in holding that the kabuliyat of 1878 was merely a confirmatory document and being as it is for a term we think that it rebuts the presumption of the existence of a tenancy at a fixed rate from the time of the Permanent Settlement.

2. In the result, we set aside the decree of the Special Judge of the 24th March 1922 and send back the case to the Assistant Settlement Officer in order that a fair and equitable rent may be fixed for the holdings in suit.

3. As the respondents did not appear, we make no order as to costs in this appeal.

Panton, J.

4. I agree.


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