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Noshai Mistri and Ram Chunder Haldar Vs. the Empress - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtKolkata
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1880)ILR5Cal958
AppellantNoshai Mistri and Ram Chunder Haldar
RespondentThe Empress
Excerpt:
confession - criminal procedure code (act x of 1872), sections 122 and 346--evidence act (i of 1872), section 33. - .....criminal procedure code, and the defect cannot be cured by taking evidence under the last clause of section 346.3. independently of this objection, we think that, even if the defect could have been cured by taking evidence under that section, the sessions judge had no evidence on the point before him on which he could act, for the last clause of section 346 directs that the court of session shall take the evidence. in this case, the committing magistrate took the deposition of the recording magistrate which he appears to have had no authority to do. furthermore, we think that if the committing magistrate had power to take the recording magistrate's evidence, the sessions judge has not shown that that magistrate's deposition was properly admitted under the provisions of the 33rd section.....
Judgment:

White, J.

1. We have now considered the cases of the prisoners Noshai Mistri and Ramchunder Haldar with reference to the ruling of the Full Bench in the case of Anuntram Singh (ante, p. 954), and are of opinion that the ruling in question has no application in the present case, but that the confessions are inadmissible for the following reasons:

2. They were in our opinion confessions recorded under Section 122 of the Code, and are defective from the omission of the Deputy Magistrate to record the certificate required by Section 346, Criminal Procedure Code, and the defect cannot be cured by taking evidence under the last clause of Section 346.

3. Independently of this objection, we think that, even if the defect could have been cured by taking evidence under that section, the Sessions Judge had no evidence on the point before him on which he could act, for the last clause of Section 346 directs that the Court of Session shall take the evidence. In this case, the committing Magistrate took the deposition of the recording Magistrate which he appears to have had no authority to do. Furthermore, we think that if the committing Magistrate had power to take the recording Magistrate's evidence, the Sessions Judge has not shown that that Magistrate's deposition was properly admitted under the provisions of the 33rd section of the Evidence Act, 1872. There is nothing on the record to show that the presence of the recording Magistrate could not have been obtained without an amount of delay or expense which in the opinion of the Court was unreasonable.

4. We accordingly set aside the conviction and sentence, and direct the discharge of the appellants Noshai Mistri and Ramchunder Haldar.


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