U.S. Supreme Court Ex Parte Leaf Tobacco Board of Trade, 222 U.S. 578 (1911)
Ex Parte Leaf Tobacco Board of Trade of New York
Motion for leave to file petition
Submitted December 4, 1911
Decided December 11, 1911
222 U.S. 578
APPLICATION FOR LEAVE TO FILE PETITION
One who is not a party to the record and judgment is not entitled to appeal therefrom.
The action of the lower court in refusing to permit the mover to become parties to the record in this case is not susceptible of being reviewed by this Court on appeal or indirectly, under the circumstances of this case, by mandamus,
The merely general nature and character of the petitioners' interest in this proceeding is not such as to authorize them to assail the action of the court below. This is the more obvious as the act of the court which is assailed has been accepted by the parties to the record.
The petitioner states in its petition that it is a corporation of the New York and
"is composed of more than seventy-five business concerns engaged in the business of selling leaf tobacco to manufacturers of tobacco products. That the said concerns are vitally interested,
both directly on their own account and indirectly on the account of the customers to whom they sell and offer to sell leaf tobacco, in the proper determination by the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York of the matter of the dissolution and disintegration of the Combination found by this Honorable Court to exist among the American Tobacco Company and the other defendants in the cause entitled 'United States of America vs. American Tobacco Company,' which cause, upon appeal from the said Circuit Court, was decided by this Honorable Court on May 29, 1911,"
and reported at 221 U. S. 221 U.S. 106. It also states that, in pursuance of such decision, the said cause was remanded to the said circuit court with directions to enter a decree in conformity therewith and to take such further steps as may be necessary to fully carry out the directions therein, and "that the decree entered in this cause by the Circuit Court is not in compliance with the mandate of this Court."
The petitioner prayed that leave be granted to file with this Court a petition praying for the following relief:
1. That a writ of mandamus issue to the judges of the said Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York directing them to vacate and set aside the said decree, and to enter a decree in conformity with the opinion and mandate of this Court.
2. That a writ of prohibition issue directed to the said judges prohibiting them from proceeding to put the said decree into effect and from granting the further and supplemental remedies and relief therein provided for.
3. That a writ of certiorari issue requiring the said judges to return and certify to this court all the proceedings had before them in the said cause since the filing of the mandate of this Court in the court below, with all documents and evidence on which they may have acted in determining the form of their said decree.
4. That a writ of mandamus issue requiring the said
judges to permit your petitioner to intervene in said cause, and to be joined as a party thereto, with the right to appeal from said decree or otherwise proceed in said cause as such party.
5. That, pending the hearing and decision of said petition and the return thereto, all proceedings by the defendants or any of them looking to the execution of the plan of dissolution described in said decree be stayed.
Leave to file petition denied.
1. One who is not a party to a record and judgment is not entitled to appeal therefrom. Bayard v. Lombard, 9 How. 530; Indiana v. Liverpool, London & Globe Ins. Co., 109 U. S. 168 ; Ex Parte Cockroft, 104 U. S. 578 .
2. The action of the court below in refusing to permit the movers to become parties to the record is not susceptible of being reviewed by this Court on appeal, or indirectly, under the circumstances here disclosed, by the writ of mandamus. Ex Parte Cutting, 94 U. S. 15 , and see Credits Commutation Co. v. United States, 177 U. S. 311 .
3. The merely general nature and character of the interest which the movers allege they have in the papers here filed is not, in any event, of such a character as to authorize them in this proceeding to assail the action of the court below. This is more obvious in this case since the Act of the court which is assailed has been accepted by those who are parties to the record.
United States v. Union Pacific R. Co.,
105 U. S. 263
Elwell v. Fosdick,
134 U. S. 500