U.S. Supreme Court Ex Parte Southwestern Surety Ins. Co., 247 U.S. 19 (1918)
Ex Parte Southwestern Surety Insurance Company
No. 28, Original
Submitted April 22, 1918
Rule discharged May 20, 1918
247 U.S. 19
PETITION FOR WRIT OF PROHIBITION
In an action against a contractor and surety under the Act of August 13, 1894, 28 Stat. 278, as amended, the district court has jurisdiction to decide whether claims of materialmen were filed within the year limited by the act, and upon the effect of filing them later.
Prohibition will not issue to control the district court upon questions which that court is competent to decide or questions dependent on facts not presented to this Court.
Upon petition, a rule was made upon the judge of the District Court for the Western District of North Carolina to show cause why a writ of prohibition should not issue to prevent further proceedings in an action brought against a contractor and the petitioner as its surety, under the Act of August 13, 1894, c. 280, 28 Stat. 278, as amended. The decision was made upon the petition and respondent's answer thereto.
Memorandum opinion by MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE, by direction of the Court.
The statute (c. 280, 28 Stat. 278, c. 778, 33 Stat. 811) makes the district court of the district in which work contracted to be done for the United States is to be performed the forum for the assertion by supply creditors or materialmen of their claims against the contractor and the surety on the bond. It moreover authorizes one suit by all for the purpose of enforcing the liability of the surety. In the light of these provisions and their settled interpretation, all the contentions of the petitioner but one which we shall hereafter separately notice are so completely foreclosed by previous authorities as to require only reference to them. United States v. Congress Construction Co., 222 U. S. 199 ; Illinois Surety Co. v. Peeler, 240 U. S. 214 ; Illinois Surety Co. v. John Davis Co., 244 U. S. 376 . Indeed, so certain is this the case that, as to the principal one of the questions, the power of the court, when raised at this term it was treated as not open to controversy, and was hence disposed of by a per curiam opinion. Hopkins v. Ellington & Guy, 246 U.S. 655.
The one subject which we postponed considering is the contention that rights of some of the claimants were asserted after the one-year period of limitation which the statute fixes. But this depends upon facts which are not before us, and besides involves a question within the competency of the court to decide concerning which therefore there is no basis for granting the writ of prohibition or sanctioning a resort to any other extraordinary legal remedy. See In re New York & Porto Rico S.S. Co., 155 U. S. 523 ; Ex Parte Oklahoma, 220 U. S. 191 .
It follows, therefore, that the rule must bed and it is, discharged.