U.S. Supreme Court Missouri Pacific R. Co. v Reynolds-Davis Grocery Co., 268 U.S. 366 (1925)
Missouri Pacific Railroad Company v.
Reynolds-Davis Grocery Company
Submitted April 21, 1925
Decided May 25, 1925
268 U.S. 366
CERTIORARI TO THE
SUPREME COURT OF ARKANSAS
Where the final carrier named in the bill of lading on a through interstate shipment employs a carrier not named in the bill nor participant in the joint rate to switch the car for the rate named in its tariff from a point on the lines of the former carrier to the consignee's warehouse on the line of the latter, both within the city named in the bill as destination, the first carrier is the delivering carrier and the second merely its agent for the purpose of delivery, so that the one is liable for loss of the goods while in the hand of the other. Oregon-Washinton R. Co. v. McGinn, 258 U. S. 409 , distinguished. P. 268 U. S. 368 .
161 Ark. 579 affirmed.
Certiorari to a judgment of the Supreme Court of Arkansas which affirmed a judgment entered on a verdict against the railroad in an action by the grocery company to recover damages for loss of a carload of sugar.
MR. JUSTICE BRANDEIS delivered the opinion of the Court.
This action was brought in a state court of Arkansas by Reynolds-Davis Grocery Company against the Missouri Pacific Railroad to recover for the loss of part of a carload of sugar shipped from Raceland, Louisiana to Fort Smith, Arkansas. on a through bill of lading. The loss occurred within the City of Fort Smith while the car was in the possession of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railroad. This carrier had been employed by the Missouri Pacific to switch the car from a point on its lines within the city to the consignee's warehouse, which lay within the city on the lines of the switching carrier. The Missouri Pacific, relying upon Oregon-Washington Railroad & Navigation Co. v. McGinn, 258 U. S. 409 , requested the trial court to rule that, as the bill of lading provided that no connecting carrier should be liable for any damage which did not occur on its own lines, and delivery at the consignee's warehouse was part of an interstate shipment, the defendant was not liable, because it was neither the initial nor the delivering carrier. The court refused to rule as requested; the jury found for the plaintiff, and the judgment entered on the verdict was affirmed by the Supreme Court of Arkansas. 161 Ark. 579. This Court granted a writ of certiorari, 265 U.S. 577.
The joint through rate covered delivery at the warehouse of the consignee. The bill of lading named Morgan's Louisiana & Texas Railroad & Steamship Company as the initial carrier and the route designated therein named the Missouri Pacific as the last of the connecting carriers. Its lines enter Fort Smith, but do not extend to the consignee's warehouse. It employed the
St. Louis-San Francisco to perform the necessary switching service. And it paid therefor $6.30, the charge fixed by the tariff on file with the Interstate Commerce Commission. The switching carrier was not named in the bill of lading, and did not receive any part of the joint through rate. It was simply the agent of the Missouri Pacific for the purpose of delivery. The Missouri Pacific was the delivering carrier, and is liable as such.