U.S. Supreme Court Missouri Pacific R. Co. v. Hartley Brothers, 290 U.S. 576 (1934)
Missouri Pacific Railroad Co. v. Hartley Brothers
Argued December 14, 1933
Decided January 8, 1934
290 U.S. 576
CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT OF OKLAHOMA
Under § 20 of the first Cummins Amendment, 49 U.S.C. § 20(11), an action against a carrier for damage to an interstate shipment due to negligence in loading or unloading or in transit need not be preceded by notice or filing of the claim, and any provision of the contract requiring such notice or filing as a condition precedent would be void. P. 290 U. S. 578 .
162 Okla.194, 19 P.2d 337, affirmed.
Certiorari to review the affirmance of a judgment against the Railroad Company in an action by a shipper for damage to a consignment of cattle.
MR. JUSTICE BUTLER delivered the opinion of the Court.
Respondents brought this action in the district court of Rogers County to enforce a claim for damages against the railroad company. May 4, 1927, they shipped seven carloads of cattle from stations in Arkansas to themselves at Delaware, Oklahoma. They delivered five loads
directly to defendant and the other loads to connecting carriers that delivered them to defendant. It hauled all from Little Rock to destination. The shipments moved under uniform livestock contracts [ Footnote 1 ] issued by the initial carriers. They contain the following clauses:
"Section 2. (c) Claims for loss, damage, or injury to livestock must be made in writing to the originating or delivering carrier or carriers issuing this bill of lading within six months after the delivery of the livestock . . . provided, that, if such loss, damage or injury was due to delay or damage while being loaded or unloaded, or damaged in transit by carelessness or negligence, then no notice of claim nor filing of claim shall be required as a condition precedent to recovery."
" * * * *"
"Section 4. (c) Before the livestock is removed from the possession of the carrier or mingled with other livestock, the shipper, owner, consignee, or agent thereof shall inform in writing the delivering carrier of any visible or manifest injury to the livestock."
Plaintiffs did not sue until after the expiration of the time specified in the contract for notice or filing of claim, and they did not, before suit, give notice of or make any claim against defendant or any of the carriers for the loss or damage sued for, § 2(c), or give defendant the information specified in § 4(c). Their petition alleges that some of the cattle were killed and others injured by defendant's negligence in handling the cars in which the shipments moved over its line. The answer denied negligence and alleged that plaintiffs had not complied with the quoted contract provisions. The jury returned a verdict for plaintiffs, and the trial court gave them
judgment thereon. The Supreme Court affirmed. 162 Okl.194, 19 P.2d 337.
The first Cummins Amendment to § 20 of the Act to Regulate Commerce, 49 U.S.C. § 20(11), concerning the duty of carriers to issue receipts or bills of lading for interstate freight and their liability for loss or damage, declares,
"That it shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to provide by rule, contract, regulation, or otherwise a shorter period for giving notice of claims than ninety days, for the filing of claims than four months, and for the institution of suits than two years,"
and, as here construed, [ Footnote 2 ] the proviso reads
"That if the loss, damage, or injury complained of was due to delay or damage while being loaded or unloaded, or damage in transit by carelessness or negligence, then no notice of claim nor filing of claim shall be required as a condition precedent to recovery."
The phrase "carelessness or negligence" relates to each case of loss, damage, or injury mentioned in the proviso, and in such cases carriers are not permitted to require notice or filing of claim. Barrett v. Van Pelt, 268 U. S. 85 , 268 U. S. 87 , 268 U. S. 91 ; Chesapeake & O. Ry. Co. v. Thompson Mfg. Co., 270 U. S. 416 , 270 U. S. 422 .
Section 2(c) of the livestock contract includes the language of the proviso, and evidently is not intended to require notice of claim for any loss, damage, or injury caused by the carrier's negligence. Section 4(c) of the contract does not purport to make compliance with it a condition precedent to suit, and we need not decide whether, in any case it could be so read. It does not expressly apply to loss or injuries caused by the carrier's negligence. If construed to cover such cases, the section would conflict with the proviso of the first Cummins Amendment.
[ Footnote 1 ]
Prescribed by Domestic Bill of Lading and Live Stock Contract, 64 I.C.C. 357, October 21, 1921, before our decision, April 13, 1925, in Barrett v. Van Pelt, 268 U. S. 85 . See Missouri Pacific R. Co. v. Porter, 273 U. S. 341 , 273 U. S. 343 et seq.; Louis Ilfeld Co. v. Southern Pac. Co., 48 F.2d 1056, 1057.
[ Footnote 2 ]