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Judgment Search Results Home > Cases Phrase: patents Court: us supreme court Year: 1980 Page 1 of about 28 results (0.066 seconds)

Jun 27 1980 (FN)

Dawson Chem. Co. Vs. Rohm and Haas Co.

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Jun-27-1980

..... . s. 228 that it should be able to license only purchaser of the unpatented material, because this was the only practicable way to exploit its process patent. "the patent monopoly is not enlarged by reason of the fact that it would be more convenient to the patentee to have it so, or because he cannot page ..... charge of contributory infringement. certain convertible top combinations had been sold without valid license from the patentee. because use of these tops involved direct infringement of the patent, there remained a question whether fabric supplied for their repair might constitute contributory infringement notwithstanding the court's earlier decision. aro ii decided several questions of statutory ..... years, proponents and opponents of the legislation debated its impact and relationship with prior law. draftsmen of the legislation contended for a restriction on the doctrine of patent misuse that would enable patentees to protect themselves against contributory infringers. others, including representatives of the department of justice, vigorously opposed such a restriction. although the ..... policies that permits patentees to exercise control over non-staple articles used in their inventions. section 271(c) identifies the basic dividing line between contributory infringement and patent misuse. it adopts a restrictive definition of contributory infringement that distinguishes between staple and nonstaple articles of commerce. it also defines the class on nonstaple items narrowly. .....

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Jun 16 1980 (FN)

Diamond Vs. Chakrabarty

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Jun-16-1980

..... have it -- with the routine problem of "unanticipated inventions." ante at 447 u. s. 316 . in these two acts, congress has addressed the general problem of patenting animate inventions and has chosen carefully limited language granting protection to some kinds of discoveries, but specifically excluding others. these acts strongly evidence a congressional limitation that excludes bacteria ..... of certain bacteria. in particular, the two researchers discovered plasmids capable of degrading camphor and octane, two components of crude oil. in the work represented by the patent application at issue here, chakrabarty discovered a process by which four different plasmids, capable of degrading four different oil components, could be transferred to and maintained stably ..... and scientific considerations involved, and to determine whether living organisms produced by genetic engineering should receive patent protection. in support of this position, the petitioner relies on our recent holding in parker v. flook, 437 u. s. 584 (1978), and the statement that ..... expressly authorizes such protection. his position rests on the fact that genetic technology was unforeseen when congress enacted 101. from this it is argued that resolution of the patentability of inventions such as respondent's should be left to congress. the legislative process, the petitioner argues, is best equipped to weigh the competing economic, social, .....

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Jun 02 1980 (FN)

Andrus Vs. Shell Oil Co.

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Jun-02-1980

..... . . . is entitled to substantial weight," post at 446 u. s. 676 , the dissent ignores this contemporaneous administrative practice. the best evidence of the 1920 standard of patentability is the 1920 interior department practice on the matter. the suggestion of the dissent that "future events [such] as market changes" were not meaningful data under the castle v. womble ..... (1) whether a finding of lean surface deposits warranted the geological inference that the claim contained rich "valuable" deposits below; and (2) whether present profitability was a prerequisite to patentability. both issues were decided in favor of the oil shale claimant: the geological inference was deemed sound, and the fact that there was "no possible doubt . . . that ..... ," the decision in freeman v. summers had liberalized the traditional valuable mineral test. but it found that congress, in 1931 and again in 1956, had considered the patentability of oil shale and had implicitly "ratified" that liberalized rule. alternatively, the district court concluded that the department was estopped now from departing from the freeman standard, which ..... spouse. in 1960, mrs. schuyler incorporated respondent d. a. shale, inc., and transferred title to the claims to the corporation. three months later, the corporation filed patent applications. in 1964, the department issued administrative complaints alleging that the mountain boys claims and the shoup claims were invalid. the complaints alleged, inter alia, that oil shale .....

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Apr 16 1980 (FN)

Andrus Vs. Idaho

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Apr-16-1980

..... secretary to contract with the state upon the state's proper application. this is permissive language, as compared with the obligatory statutory language requiring the secretary to issue a patent once he has contracted with the state and the state has satisfied the contractual and statutory conditions. furthermore, the secretary may act only with the approval of the president, ..... for summary judgment, idaho submitted that the carey act had been an immediately effective grant, or at least that the united states was firmly obligated to contract with and patent the statutory acreage to idaho when and if idaho satisfied the statutory preconditions. in the state's view, carey act applications took precedence over prior withdrawals. the secretary, therefore ..... of desert lands, authorizes the secretary of the interior, upon proper application, "to contract and agree, from time to time . . . binding the united states to donate, grant, and patent" such desert lands, not exceeding a specified acreage, as the state should cause to be irrigated, reclaimed, and occupied, provided, however, that the lands would be restored to the public ..... desert lands, "authorize[s] and empower[s]" the secretary of the interior (secretary), with the president's approval, upon proper application by a state to donate, grant, and patent such desert lands, not exceeding a specified acreage, as the state should cause to be irrigated, reclaimed, and occupied, provided however, that the lands may be restored to the public .....

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Apr 15 1980 (FN)

United States Vs. Mitchell

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Apr-15-1980

..... . 162a (investment of funds of tribe and individual allottee); 25 u.s.c. 318a, 323-325 (roads and rights-of-way); 25 u.s.c. 349, 372 (issuance of fee patents to allottees or heirs found to be capable of managing their affairs); 25 u.s.c. 406, 407 (sale of timber); 25 u.s.c. 413 (collection of administrative expenses ..... , 25 u.s.c. 407. the secretary was also authorized to consent to the sale of timber by the owner of any indian land "held under a trust or other patent containing restrictions on alienations." id. 8, as amended, 25 u.s.c. 406(a). the secretary page 445 u. s. 546 was directed to pay the proceeds of these sales ..... use and benefit of the indian to whom such allotment shall have been made . . . and that at the expiration of said period the united states will convey the same by patent to said indian . . . in fee, discharged of said trust and free of all charge or incumbrance whatsoever: provided, that the president of the united states may in any case in ..... the benefit of the allottees: "upon the approval of the allotments provided for in this act by the secretary of the interior, he shall cause patents to issue therefor in the name of the allottees, which patents shall be of the legal effect, and declare that the united states does and will hold the land thus allotted, for the period of twenty .....

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Dec 15 1980 (FN)

United States Vs. Will

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Dec-15-1980

..... government. later, parliament passed, and the king assented to, a statute implementing the act of settlement providing that a judge's salary would not be decreased "so long as the patents and commissions of them, or any of them respectively, shall page 449 u. s. 219 continue and remain in force." 1 geo. iii, ch. 23, iii (1760). these two statutes ..... justice of the supreme court); 28 u.s.c. 44(d) (circuit judges); 28 u.s.c. 173 (court of claims); 28 u.s.c. 213 (court of customs and patent appeals); 28 u.s.c. 252 (court of international trade (formerly customs court)) . [ footnote 3 ] these amounts exceeded the levels these salaries would have achieved had congress left in effect .....

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May 19 1980 (FN)

Andrus Vs. Utah

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : May-19-1980

..... have been classified and opened to entry after notice to the permittee by the secretary of the interior, and the lands shall remain a part of the grazing district until patents are issued therefor, the homesteader to be, after his entry is allowed, entitled to the possession and use thereof: provided, that upon the application of any person qualified to make .....

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Mar 19 1980 (FN)

Deposit Guar. Nat'l Bank of Jackson Vs. Roper

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Mar-19-1980

..... , the petitioners asserted a concern that their success in some unspecified future litigation would be impaired by stare decisis or collateral estoppel application of the district court's ruling on patent validity. this concern supplied the personal stake in the appeal required by art. iii. it was satisfied fully when the petitioners secured an appellate decision eliminating the erroneous ruling from ..... purpose of obtaining a review of findings he deems erroneous which are not necessary to support the decree. but here the decree itself purports to adjudge the validity of [the patent], and though the adjudication was immaterial to the disposition of the cause, it stands as an adjudication of one of the issues litigated. we think the petitioners were entitled to ..... the complaint for failure to prove infringement. the respondents did not appeal, but petitioners sought review in the court of appeals of so much of the decree as adjudicated the patent valid. respondents filed a motion to dismiss the appeal "based on the ground that the appeal can raise no questions not already moot because of the fact that the [petitioners ..... district court would not, in subsequent suits, as a matter of collateral estoppel or otherwise, influence litigation on the issue of the patent's validity. on review here, this court did not question the view that the ruling on patent validity would page 445 u. s. 335 have no effect on subsequent litigation. nevertheless, a unanimous court allowed the appeal to reform .....

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Dec 09 1980 (FN)

United States. R. Retirement Bd. Vs. Fritz

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Dec-09-1980

..... deference. because the court is willing to accept a tautological analysis of congressional purpose, an assertion of "equitable" considerations contrary to the expressed judgment of congress, and a classification patently unrelated to achievement of the identified purpose, it succeeds in effectuating neither equity nor congressional intent. i respectfully dissent. [ footnote 3/1 ] see weinberger v. wiesenfeld, ..... the members of appellee's class who were no longer in railroad employment when they became eligible for dual benefits. furthermore, the "current connection" test is not a patently arbitrary means for determining which employees are "career railroaders," particularly since the test has been used by congress elsewhere as an eligibility requirement for retirement benefits. [ footnote ..... phasing out those benefits. new orleans v. dukes, supra, at 427 u. s. 305 . the only remaining question is whether congress achieved its purpose in a patently arbitrary or irrational way. the classification here is not arbitrary, says appellant, because it is an attempt to protect the relative equities of employees and to provide benefits ..... impermissible for congress to have drawn lines between groups of employees for the purpose of phasing out those benefits. congress did not achieve its purpose in a patently arbitrary or irrational way, since it could properly conclude that persons who had actually acquired statutory entitlement to windfall benefits while still employed in the railroad industry .....

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Mar 18 1980 (FN)

United States Vs. Clarke

Court : US Supreme Court

Decided on : Mar-18-1980

..... prevented her from perfecting her patent. after securing their own patent in 1961, the clarkes subdivided their property into 40 parcels, most of which were sold to others before this litigation began. that subdivision and surrounding lands were incorporated ..... restricted. see 25 u.s.c. 348. meanwhile, in 1958, glen clarke and his wife applied for a homestead patent on 80 acres adjoining the tabbytite allotment. two months later, without obtaining an easement, they constructed a road across that land. the clarkes repeatedly contested tabbytite's homestead application and ..... land under the homestead laws, and thereby to obtain an unrestricted fee title. her applications for this were unsuccessful, however, and, in 1966, tabbytite agreed to accept a restricted trust patent to the land as an indian allottee. as a result, the legal title remains in the united states, and page 445 u. s. 260 tabbytite's powers of alienation are .....

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