Court : Supreme Court of India
Decided on : Sep-04-1990
Reported in : AIR1991SC101; (1991)1CompLJ1(SC); JT1990(3)SC725; 1991LabIC91; (1991)ILLJ395SC; 1991Supp(1)SCC600; Supp1SCR142; 1991(1)SLJ56(SC)
..... amendment made in the constitution, namely, by the constitution (first amendment) act, 1951 clause (6) of article 19 was amended with retrospective effect. under this amemdment, sub-clause (g) of article 19(1) which guarantees to all citizens the right to carry on occupation, trade or business, was not to prevent the state from making any law relating to the carrying on by ..... service make it imperative to have these powers. power must, therefore, with authorities to take decision quickly, objectively and independently. power must be assumed with certain conditions of duty. the preamble, the policy, purpose of the enacting provision delimit the occasions or the contingencies for the need for the exercise of the power and these should limit the occasions of exercise ..... obligated under article 51a(j).right to life scope of264. the right to life, a basic human right assured by article 21 of the constitution comprehends something more than mere animal existence i.e. dignity of the individual. field j. in munn v. illinois  94 us 113 held that by the term 'life' as here used, something more is meant than ..... (1)(g) and 21. could statutory law arbitrarily take away or abridged or abrogated it? in board of trustees, port of bombay v. dilip kumar : (1983)illj1sc : air 1983 sc 109 this court held that the expression 'life' does not merely connote animal existence or a continued drudgery through life, the expression life has a much wider meaning. where, therefore, the outcome .....Tag this Judgment!
Court : Punjab and Haryana
Decided on : Mar-09-1990
Reported in : AIR1990P& H259; (1990)98PLR666
..... september 30, 1983 to the date of the notification under section 5(1) of the 1986 act.58. even at the risk of repetition, it is necessary to juxtapose the material provisions of the 1983 act and the 1986 act to bring out the salient points of difference :--1983 act preamble 1986 actpreamble1. an act to provide for the establishment of theharyana rural development fund1 . an ..... establishment of markets for agricultural produce. clause (a) of section 2 defines 'agricultural produce' to mean all produce, whether processed or not, of agricuture, horticulture, animal husbandry or forest as specified in the schedule to the act. 'dealer' is defined in clause (f) to mean any person who within the notified market area sets up, establishes or continue or allows to be ..... big and extensive for the control and supervision of a particular market committee. ..... after all the whole object of the act is the supervision and control of the transactions of purchase by the traders from the agriculturists in order to prevent exploitation of the latter by the former. the supervision and control can be effective only in specified localities and places ..... the learned judges on a division bench decision of the calcutta high court in abdul rouff v. state, air 1960 cal 436, where it was observed that it was one of the canons of interpretation of statutes that an act which authorises the making of bye-laws impliedly authorised the annexation of reasonable pecuniary penalty for their infringement recoverable by .....Tag this Judgment!