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Law Dictionary Home Dictionary Definition minorities

Minorities, means 'groups held together by ties of common descent, language or religious faith and feeling different in these respects from the majority of the inhabitants of a given political entity, T.M.A. Pai Foundation v. State of Karnataka, (2002) 8 SCC 481. The Constitution of India recognizes two categories of minorities, viz. religious minorities and linguistic minorities; have the fundamental right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice and to conserve the district language, scripts or culture of their own, Constitution of India, Art. 29 and 30. Minority [fr. minor, Lat.], the state of being under age--e.g., twenty-one years. also, the smaller number. The minority under article 30 of the Constitution of India mean those from a distinct and identifiable group of citizens of India, St. Stephen's College v. University of Delhi, AIR 1992 SC 1630 (1646). [Constitution of India, Article 30] The word 'minority is not defined in the Constitution but literally it means 'a non-dominant' group. It is a relative term and is referred to, to represent the smaller of two numbers, ss. or group called 'majority'. In that sense, there may be political minority, religious minority, linguistic minority etc., T.M.A. Pai Foundation v. State of Karnataka, (2002) 8 SCC 481 (620). [Constitution of India, Article 30] For the purpose of this Act, means a community notified as such by the Central Government. [National Commission for minority Education Institute Act, 2004 (2 of 2005), s. 2(f)] Minority, any community which is numerically less than 50% of the population of the State concerned, D.A.V. College v. State of Punjab, AIR 1971 SC 137. Minority, as a group of persons having different race, language or religion from that of the majority of inhabitants. (The Protection to Minority) See also T.M.A. Pai Foundation v. State of Karnataka, (2002) 8 SCC 481. Minority, for the purpose of this Act, means a Community notified as such by the Central Government. [See National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004, s. 2(f)] Minority, for the purpose of this Act, means a community notified as such by the Central Government. [The National Commission for Minority Educational Institution Act, 2004, s. 2(f)] Minority, has been described as non-dominant groups having different religious or linguistic traditions than the majority population (Yearbook on Human Rights, U.N. Publication, 1950, Edn.) See also T.M.A. Pai Foundation v. State of Karnataka, (2002) 8 SCC 481. Minority, is the racial, religious national or political groups smaller than and differing from the larger, controlling group of which it is a part, Webster American Dictionary, p. 938.

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