Pardanashin lady, means the women who, accord-ing to the customs, ought not to be compelled to appear in public, shall be exempt from personal appearance in court. [Code of Civil Procedure, 1989, s. 132]
A lady who conducts herself male member by filing and complaints invarious courts and prosecuted them in a 'manly' manner and also meeting the petition writers, the lawyers coming to her way is not a pardanashin lady, Ghulam Zuhra v. Habla Begum, AIR 1985 J&K 22 (24). [Evidence Act, 1872, s. 111]
A heavy onus has upon him who realise as upon the deed by a 'pardanashin woman' and it mustbe proved affirmatively and conclusively that the deed was not only executed by, but was explained to and really understood byher, Bhikary Ram v. Hedait Mohammad Sahaji, AIR 1985 Ori 62.
A lady in a veil, normally worn by Muslim ladies as a customary dress.
Pardanashin woman, is a woman of rank, Hindu or Mohammedan, who lives in seclusion shut in the Zanana and having no communication except
from behind the parda or screen with any male person save a few privileged relations or dependants; and not a woman who communicates with strangers, collects rents from tenants, is literate with a certain amount of education, who subscribes to newspapers and arranges her affairs, Shivmala Tej Singh v. Ram Charan Kundanlal, (1980) MP LJ 530.