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Appellate Jurisdiction Acts, 1876, 1887, 1913 and 1929 (English) (19 Geo. 5, c. 8). These Acts modernize the procedure of the House of Lords as a Court of Appeal. An appeal lies to the House of Lords from any judgment or order of the Court of Appeal in England, and also from certain Courts in Scotland and Ireland. But Administration of Justice (Appeals) Act, 1934 (24 & 25 Geo. 5, c. 40) provides that no appeal shall lie from the Court of Appeal to the House of Lords except with the leave of that Court or the House of Lords. Three members of the House, having held high judicial office, form a quorum, but any member of the House, whether having held high judicial office or not, has still a technical right to take part in a judgment; but peers not being law lords have not taken such part since 1783 (in Bishop of London v. Fytche, (1783) 1 East 487), except in Bradlaugh v. Clarke, (1883) 48 LT 681, in which Lord Denman took part in a hearing and voted with Lord Blackburn against three other peers. See O' Connell v. The Queen, (1844) 11 Cl&F 155, in which, after considerable discussion, all the lay lords withdrew; Sugd. Law of Prop., pp. 1, et seq.
The Crown may appoint salaried 'Lords of Appeal in ordinary,' and an additional Lord of appeal in Ordinary maybe created who also sits on the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. By the Act of 1929, Indian Judges or lawyers may be appointed as additional members of the Judicial Committee. Appeals maybe heard during a prorogation or dissolution of Parliament. As to Irish appeals to the House of Lords, see Government of Ireland Act, 1920, s. 49. See LORDS OF APPEAL; LORDS OF APPEAL IN ORDINARY; HOUSE OF LORDS.