Crown [fr. Couronne, Fr.; corona, Lat.], an ornamental badge of regal power worn on the head by sovereign princes. The word is frequently used when speaking of the sovereign himself, or the rights, duties, and prerogatives belonging to him.
The Act of Supremacy (English) (1 Eliz. C. 1), 'restoring to the Crown the Ancient Jurisdiction over the State Ecclesistical and Spiritual and abolishing all Foreign Power repugnant to the same,' after repealing 1 & 2 P. & M. c. 8, reviving the Foreign Citations Act,the Act of Appeals, Abolition of Annates Act, the Act of Submission, the Confirmation of Bishops Act, the Archiepiscopal Licenses Act (23 Hen. 8, Contract Act, 1872 '. 9, 20; 24 Hen. 8, c. 12 l 25 Hen. 8, Contract Act, 1872 -. 19-21; 26 Hen. 8, c. 14; 28 Hen. 8, c. 16), and also repealing 1 & 2 P. & M. c. 6 (see HERESY), enacted that-
Such jurisdictions, privileges, superiorities and pre-eminences spiritual and ecclesiastical as by any spiritualor ecclesiastical power or authority hath heretofore been or may lawfully be exercised or used for the visitation of the ecclesiastical state and persons and for reformation, order, and correction of the same and of all manner of erors, heresies, schisms, abuses, offences, contempts and enormities shall for ever by authority of this present Parliament be united and annexed to the imperial crown of this realm.
By the Interpretation Act (see that title), s. 30, 'in this Act and in everyother Act, whether passed before or after the commencement of this Act, references to the Sovereign reigning at the time of the passing of the Act or to the Crown shall, unless the contrary intention appears, be construed as references to the Sovereign for the time being.' It is added, 'this Act shall be binding on the Crown,' the rule of construction being that the Crown is not bound by a statute [see per Lindley, L.J., in Wheaton v. Maple & Co., (1893) 3 Ch 64] unless expressly named therein-as, e.g., in the ArbitrationAct, 1889, by s. 23; the Bankruptcy Act, 1914, by s. 151; the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1906, by s. 9; and the Patents, etc., Act, 1907, by s. 29. See also KING. As to thelaw and practice of civil proceedings by and against the Crown, see Robertson on the Crown. Servants of the Crown are not liable to be sued in their official capacity for torts; see Roper v. Public Works Commissioners, (1915) 1 KB 45, and cases there referred to; PREROGATIVE
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