Skip to content

Law Dictionary Home Dictionary Definition life

Life, rights to life guaranteed by Article 21 Constitution of India includes livelihood, K. Chandru v. State of Tamil Nadu, (1985) 3 SCC 536: AIR 1986 SC 204. The word 'life' in Article 21 does not include livelihood. In Re Sant Ram AIR 1960 SC 932: (1960) 3 SCR 499; A.V. Nachane v. Union of India, AIR 1982 SC 1126: (1982) 1 SCC 205. The word 'life' in Art. 21, means not merely the right to the continuance of a person's animal of existence, but a right to the possession of each his organs - his arms and legs etc., Kharak Singh v. State of U.P., AIR 1963 SC 1295: (1964) 1 SCR 332. [Constitution of India, Art. 21] The expression 'life' has a much wider meaning. Where therefore the outcome of a departmental enquiry is likely to adversely affect reputation or livelihood of a person, some of the finer graces of human civilization which make life worth living would be jeopardised and the same can be put in jeopardy only by law which inheres fair procedures. In this context one can recall the famous words of Chapter II of Bhagwad-Gita: Sambhavitasya Cha Kirti Marnadati Richyate, Board of Trustees of the Port of Bombay v. Dilipkumar Raghavendranath Nadkarni, AIR 1983 SC 109: (1983) 1 SCC 124: (1983) 1 SCR 828. Life' dictionarily means, 'state of functional activity and continual change peculiar to organised matter, and especially to the portion of its constituting an animal or plant before death; animate existence; being alive'. But used in the Constitution it may not be mere existence, Kartar Singh v. State of Punjab, (1994) 3 SCC 569. The word 'life' denotes the life of a human being, unless the contrary appears from the context. (Penal Code, 1860, s. 45) Life, as observed by Field, J. in Munn v. Illinois, (1877) 94 US 113, means something more than mere animal existence and the inhibition against the deprivation of life extends to all those limits and faculties by which life is enjoyed, Olga Tellia v. Bombay Municipal Corporation, AIR 1986 SC 180 (194). (Constitution of India, Article 21) Life in its expanded horizons includes all that give meaning to a man's life including his tradition, culture and heritage and protection of that heritage in its full measure would certainly come within the encompass of all expanded concept of Article 21 of the Constitution, Ramsharan Autyanoprasi v. Union of India, AIR 1989 SC 549 (552): 1989 Supp (1) SCC 251.(Constitution of India, Article 21

Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //